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November 29, 1991     The Message
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ks- lg, :]tS N.OVember 29, 1991 The Message -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana Commentary 5 ::!i  Mass faeadir, gs By FArriER DONAI,D DILGER Gospel Commentary for First Sunday of Ad- Vent: Cycle C: Luke 21:25-28, 34-36 M Two Stmdavs are the RosDel (3t' Ill(' Mass was , s version of the end of time and tim return of Jesus. Today ill,, (ihtu'ch gives t,s almost the ame material'hul this time according to Luke. Uke basically used the version of Malk to pen his o '  ...... _, wn version. However, he made some .erlanges not only to reflect his literary style just as l e do when we'use someone else's lnaterial, but lso to reflect a different theology. The Gospel of Mark ha(t been written about 70 A D Throughout his work Mark gave the im- Pression that ewmts were hurtling toward the erld. He must ilave thought that the end of time and the return of Jesus would hapt)en very soon. 'ifteen've'ars later ihinos we,',, oin on as before T -' " " o" g g " ,he GOspel of Paul had by this time spread over ne Mediterranean world and throughout the tX0 , " man l'mnire Christians enerall ex ected a uu|. , .... o, Y- P.. 2"" end and a return of Jesus as they had even o elre Mark wrote. Panl himself expected the end come during his own lifetime. The fact that the end did not come must have aesed a crisis of faith in the Christian connnuni- . .s. There may have been manv attempts to deal With this crisisof faith. We know of two: tim Spel of Luke and the Gospel of Matthew. Our neern here, is v'ith tile Gospel of lmke. Changes eded to be made in what Mark had written. - uat Was Luke to tit)'." go Let's compare l,nke's version of the, Mar(an Spel reading of two Stmdavs ago Mark had The end of time and the return of Jesus according to Luke written: "In those days, after the trihulation, the sun will be darkenc'd, etc." Luke eliminates "In those days, after the tribulation." One may as- sume that Mark's idea of "the tribulation" was tile (h;stru(:lion of the city of Jersualem an(t the tem- i)le and especially the horrendous persecution suffered by tile Christians of the Church at Rome. Luke knew that the sun and the moon were still shining, nor had the stars tallen from the sky. Therefore nothing hal)pened after that tribulation. This was the major change Luke made as far as the, time of the Parousia was concerned. It simply had been delayed, as he demonstrates throughout his writings. tie also made other changes not dealing with the time of the Parousia. To the version Mark gave us of Jesus' words Luke added: "Now when these things begin to take place, look up and raise your heads for your redemption is at hand." Mark and Matthew express a very gloomy attitude ahout the endtimes. True to his character, as shown in both his Gospel and Acts of Apostles, Luke adds this note of joy. For him redemption is not so nmch in the death of Jesus on the (:ross as it is in the return of Jesus in the Parousia. At least then is when the redemption is completed in his theology. Mark had ended his final sermon of Jesus, the sermon on the end of time, with repeated warn- ings to watch. In fact his final word was: "WATCH!" Luke, who inust have been a very practical spiritual adviser in his Christion com- munity has some very sensitive advice to giw,.. As he was the only gospel author who had John the 13aptist giving practical advice to ordinary hunlan beings at the l)eginning of the Gospel, here he depi(:ts Jesus giving the same type of ad- vice at tile end of the Gospel. "Be on your guard that your hearts not he weighed down with carousing, getting drullk, and the worrie, s of daily life, and that (lay come upon you sudde, nly like a trap... But watch at all tilne, praying that you may have strength to es(:ape all these things that will take place and to stand before the Son of Man." Note the emphasis on prayer, so typical of Luke who depicts Jesus praying much more frequently than the other gospels do. To get a hotter insight into what Luke has done with this advice, let's look at a saying of Jesus earlier in the Gospel. Jesus had said in Mark: "...take up his cross and follow me." For Mark that meant to give one's life as a martyr. Luke writes instead: "...take up his cross DAILY and follow me." Why? Because Luke's Church was not under the immediate threat of persecu- tion as was that of Mark. Luke is also convinced that the parousia is not imminent. Thus he changes Mark's advice into something that can be applie(t in the daily lilt,, of a Christian as the world goes on. Gently he tells his readers and us not to he weighed down under the worries of daily life and recommends prayer -- a relnedy not just to prepare for the Parousia but for Chris- tian life at all times. Other readings for First Sunday of Advent, Dec. 1: Jer 33:14-16; I Thess 3:12-4:2. | 00pointments City. aeon Preske is service ag.e.r of Barnes TV, *. vflle, and plans to con- I that position. He ex- to spend Saturday g, Sunday morning rhaps one weeknight eeek at Blessed Sacra- "Optimism and hope" de- scribed his feelings about his new ministry, along with a desire to assure the people of tile parish that "I will put my hest into this." tD :uneral Pre-Planninq Since 1940" Miller & Miller 421 9274 Father David Fleck, 42, is a native of Huntingbnrg. He has serw;d as pastor of Blessed To Start Your 1992 00hr!gtmae, ,, ..... 00iub /ER tN EEK 50 WEEKS 1.00 $ 50o0 ' $ 100.00 ,5.00 $ 150.o0 t'l 0,00 $ 250.00 r,O,oo $ soo oo $1 ,ooo.oo 0LUS EMRLO YERS: Payroll deductions for Christmas Club accounts are available for you and your employees. Please contact any of our offices for details. Choose the amount you save, $1, $2, $3, $5, $10 or $20 weekly. 5% ANN(,JAL INTEREST ;3, ..... -.,..,.,, ...... Tour Family Banking Ccnt" ",,,,,,.... I rsquirB I ,,airy I f  '..,,,.,,n. ..... I L/"  Permanent Federal[ a NEWBURGH a OAKLAND CITY FORT BRANCH * JASPER Sacrament Church since 1990. Father Fleck is the son of David and Selma (Welp) Fleck. After studies at St. Meinrad Seminary and at Louvain, Belgium, he was or- dained by Bishop Francis R. Shea on Sept. 5, 1975. Father Fleck's first assign- ment was as associate pastor of Corpus Christi Church, Evansville, and as a teacher at Mater Dei High School. He has served as an associ- ate pastor of St. Joseph Church, Evansville, and Sa- cred Heart Church, Vin- cennes. He taught at Rivet High School. He has also served as administrator of Sts. Peter and Paul Church, Petersburg, and as temporary administrator of St. Peter Church, Montgomery, St. COMPLETE INSURANCE SERVICE Autol Home! Fire & Lifel Your Personal Service Agent James L. Will Ins. Agency Inc. 1925 W. Franklin Street 425-3187 YOUR FAMIL Y PHARMACY PAUL'S Pharmacy Paul Mayer, Owner 2107 W. Franklin St. 425-4364 Plaza Pharmacy Newburgh Plaza Shopping Center Fast Prescription Service Ken and Rebecca Hacker 853-7141 Oak Hill Pharmacy Prescription Specialists Hwy. 62 and N. 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