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November 22, 1996     The Message
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November 22, 1996

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!2, 1996 The Message -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana 13 -" Commentary--. Son, king, shepherd, lord: Judgment of all nations o GSp el Commentary for Vember 24, 1996: Thirty. Fourth & Last Sunday, Ordi. nary Time: Cycle C: Feast Of Christ The King: Matthew 25:31.46 The gospel chosen for the final Sunday of the liturgical year of grace is the judgment of all nation, bY Jesus as Son of man, king of all s nations, shepherd of the human By FATHER flock, Son of the Father, Lord of all, DON DILGER thought of Daniel 7:13-14 as a prophetic description of a victorious SUpreme- .... COLUMNIST ' final 'ud e MatthewJULug e. Occurring only in Jesus returning as j g . in whi,'ue portrayal of the scene II   The title "king" is an integral not ^ -" oesus Judges the nations is Dart of Matthew's deoiction of Jesus soeu e thought of as an accurate descrintion of as Son of mall Imolicitlv he also refers to Jesus as ,uLure historical  - event. It is rather a highly Son of God m the reference to the final kingdom as lraaginative, creative commentary and development of Old Testament referen Matthew no., . ces. In summary form, ,rays desus as returning in glory accom- P.anled by the angels All natlo hlrn. Good a  . " ns are gathered before -u oacl are separated as a shepherd sep- hoped for kingdom of the Jewish people who had just undergone a devastating persecution. For them the description of the glorious, victo- rious son of man is their version of' "We Shall Overcome." As time went on, the evolution of this symbolic son of man fYom kingdom to king can be traced in pre-New Testament literature. By the time the gospels were written Christian theology theleft P from goats, sheep on the ri ht, oats on !.ul Place egod, wi!l be invited to acceg: thgir right- thrust i- ' mgdom of Jesus. The bad will be . A:l',eternal fire with the devil and his an els. Matth,''U us Jesus is given man titles in g ofrna..Pr?ayal. He arrives o the scene as Son "0he I]_ ""e reIerence is to Daniel 7"13 14, wh re send a son of man," i e a hum m e , ueI0,L ... an be g, ispre- q0m;: - ae CllVlne presence He is "yen i .... ul011, ]0 . .. _ . gl aagua,es ._'.:'.Y' Kingdom. All peoples, nations, and end. NoeL. wui serve him. His kingdom is without I]C toomagcan overcome it. In the second centur "" "uaniel the son of man is a symbol ofth "kingdom of my Father." Matthew thus recalls what he repeated many times in his gospel, the special relationship of Jesus to God. He wrote of Jesus as "Emmanuel-God with us," "my Son" who is called out of Egypt, "my beloved Son" at Jesus' baptism, "Son of God" in the temptation and the shouts of demons, "Son of the living God" in Peter's profession of faith, and equal billing with the Father and the Holy Spirit in the baptismal formula at the end of the gospel. Jesus as "Lord" is another recognition of his divine status. The word Matthew uses is the Greek word "kurios." When the Old Testament was trans- lated into Greek in approximately the third or fourth century BC, the translation chosen for the divine name "Yahweh" was "Kurios." The New Tes- tament authors apply the same to Jesus. Portraying Jesus as "shepherd" recalls Ezekiel 34, where Yah- weh says: "I myself will be shepherd of my sheep." Thus another divine attribute is applied to Jesus. The same is true in depicting Jesus as judge of the sheep. In Ezekiel 34:17, "Behold, I (Yahweh} judge between sheep and sheep, rams and he-goats." The sole standard of judgment in this awesome scene is the conduct of one human being toward another in need. In this scene there is no explicit reference to faith, to creed, to membership in any community other than the human communits: Reward or punishment is based on the reaction of each person to those in need. Did you feed the hun- gry, give drink to the thirst3: shelter the homeless, clothe the naked, visit the sick, console the impris- oned? The intimate connection between Jesus and suffering humanity is very clear: "As long as you did it to one of these the least of my sisters and broth- ers, you did it to me." None of this is ne As the titles of Jesus came from the Old Testament, so did the importance of the works of compassion. Isaiah 58:6-7, "Is not this the fast that I choose.., to share your bread with the hungry, bring the homeless poor into your house, when you see the naked, to cover them .... Then your righteousness shall go before you. The glory of the Lord shall be your rear guard." Not only are the works of compassion listed by Isaiah but also the glorious reward for the "righteous," those who did the works of compassion. Caught up as we are in the complications and demands of organized religion, the gospel today reminds us that Matthew's Jesus makes salvation depend on acts of basic human kindness. Readings: Ezekiel 34:11.12,15-17 I Corinthians 15:20-26,28 Ifave You had difficulty qualifying for standard life insurance? Catholic Knights of America introduces I00ENEVOLENT LIFE Death Benefit 100% 60% 2nd yr 3rd yr llttlal Premiums beginning as low as $50 * Unlike some "Guaranteed issue" policies, coverage begins at issue and increases annually for permanent coverage up to $5,000 * Annual Premiums for each $1,000 of coverage MALE FEMALE Age 50 44.59 35.81 Age 60 71.46 55.55 Age 70 119.42 95.15 Available ages 0-80 .. . Nl*- re Znformation call our "Unal Office at 1-800-844-3728 or our area represenative: Francis Schutte p.O. Box 20 * Englefleld, Indiana 47618 {8121 867-6342 :i Golden Jubilarians Robert J. and Frances C. (Collins) Craig of Evansville will celebrate their fiftieth wedding anniversary with a Mass of Thanksgiving at 5 p.m. Nov. 23 at Sacred Heart Church, Evansville. A dinner and reception for invited guests will follow at the Old Mill Restaurant. The couple was married Nov. 23, 1946, at St. Anthony Church, Evansville, by Father Frederic Ketter. They are the parents of Ruth Ann Stoneci- pher, Brenda M. Walling and Steven J. Craig, all of Evans- ville. They have two granddaughters. Mr. Craig retired in 1983 from Bristol Myers after 30 years; Mrs. Craig is a home- maker. I ul II H i,iiiii I I RUXER FORD - LINCOLN - MERCURY iii I ,H II I lit 1il I lilt . : ]