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November 4, 1988     The Message
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4 The Message -- Voters' Education Supplement November 4, 1988 I Presidential ,, Om hem pue 11 nations carry the burden their own defense. of -- U.S. government efforts to relieve the debt burdm of poor develepJn8 nationsr DUICAKIS: Support The U.S. overnment should serve as an onast broker between govern- manta and bankers. Any solu- tion must: recognize that bor- rowers and lenders share the burden of debt reduction; pro- vide enough capital for debtor economies to grow without having to plunder their economic base; and encourage innovative provisions such as debt-for-equity swaps. BUSH: Support. Large inter- national debt is a major pro- blem for developing nations. Debt weakens their economies, preventing them from buying our products, which in turn af- fects our trade deficit. What is called for is a new wave of flex- ibility from banks, international financial institutions, and governments, including our af- fluent allies. The best way for a country to resolve any debt crisis it might face is to expand its economy and promote inter- national trade. As president, I would do all I can to help these countries help themselves. The United States should build on the achievement of our free trade agreement with Canada -- a $130 billion agreement -- and work with our other neighbors in the Western Hemisphere, particularly Mexico, in creating a free trade zone of un- precedented size, a new North, Central and South American compact. This is the ticket for growth and prosperity in Latin America, giving them a chance to resolve their debt. -- Increase of multilateral assistance to the poorest na- tions? DUKAKIS: Support. BUSH: Support. As presi- dent, I would encourage our af- fluent allies to become more generous in their support to developing nations. The pro- blem with channeling assistance through multilateral institutions is that much of the funds are used to pay ad- ministrative costs and never get to the people who actually need it. The more help that can go directly to people in need, the better. MASS MEDIA With respect to the ap- propriate basis for government regulation of broadcasting, do you support the public trustee model of regulation of the air. waves, i.o., that the airwaves are owned by the American public as a whole, and that the few persons who are granted a license to use a portion of the airwaves necessarily act as trustees of their frequency for the public? DUKAKIS: Support. Is the business of broad- casting more efficiently and ap- propriately regulated by marketplace forces? DUKAKIS: Oppose. Unlike print media in which infinite competition is possible, there are a limited number of broad- cast airwaves --airwaves which belong to the American people and not to a few corporations. Only government regulation can ensure that licensees use the public airwaves for the public interest. De you support the fairness dedriM? DUKAKIS: Support. Do you support the "equal time" requlations of the FCC7 DUKAKIS Support. While I strongly support the principle of equal time for candidates for political office to express their views on the public airwaves, I recognize that accommodating the needs of a multicandidate field presents problems for broadcasters. As president, I will work with Congress and with all concerned parties to strike a sensible balance and ar- rive at an equitable solution. BUSH {in response to all mass media questions}: I support the repeal of the fairness doctrine. Our administration consistently called for parity in government oversight of print and elec- tronic media. The First Amend- ment applies to both equally. Government regulation is not necessary to assure that the media presents all sides on issues. There has been no "fairness" regulation of newspapers and their coverage of issues has differed little from TV or radio coverage. There is a multitude of media sources competing with each other for consumers -- for listeners, viewers or readers. This com- petition is probably the best regulation of media. We don't ever want to impose burden- some regulations without any evidence that they are required. Now, thanks to our administra- tion, broadcasters have been freed from a costly government constraint. REGIONAL CONFLICT IN THE WORLD Do you support a foreign policy that relies on dialogue, negotiations and development assistance rather than military force to bring about greater justice and peace in Central America? DUKAKIS: Support. The Arias plan has achieved more for peace in one year than seven years of contra aid. I look for- ward to working with our allies in the region to achieve peace in Central America. In conduc- ting foreign policy, I will ex- haust diplomatic solutions before considering military op- tions. BUSH: . Our role in Central America is the same as our role in other parts of the world. This role is to pro- mote peace -- but not peace at any price. In the case of Central America, our objective is not a peace that merely stops the shooting and entrenches a Soviet beachhead. Our main ob- jective is the maintenance and establishment of governments committed to freedom and democracy, governments that respect human rights and the sovereignty of their neighbors. A peace that does not ac- complish this objective is just another word for surrender. Do you support increased political and economic pressure on the government of South Africa to dismantle apartheid? DUKAKIS: Support. BUSH: . The United States must balance its strategic interest in a stable, pro-Western South Africa with the equally pressing political and moral imperative to change South Africa's apartheid system. The long-range political interests of the United States will only be served by the elimination of apartheid. In the past seven years, we have work- ed to persuade South Africa to eliminate apartheid. We have pressed for a one-person, one- vote, multiracial democracy. To this end, we have encouraged dialogue between the govern- ment and representative leaders of all other racial groups. The United States program for a political settlement includes setting a timetable for ending apartheid, releasing all political prisoners, unbanning black political movements, and releasing Nelson Mandela. We also implemented the 1986 Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act. We must continue to use diplomacy for constructive change. The debate over sanc- tions was about means, not ends Unfortunately, the political and economic effects of the sanctions have been marginal to negative: we believe the South African government has made little pro- gress in dismantling apartheid and black South Africans have been set back economically. But sanctions are not a policy in and of themselves. Under pre- sent circumstances, I will not recommend further sanctions. Rather, we must continue to use diplomacy and negotiations for constructive change. U SCC lawyer gives dos and don'ts for election year By LIZ SCHEVTCHUK NC News Service WASHINGTON (NC} -- Political enddrsements are out but non-partisan voter educa- tion by church organizations is acceptable during a political campaign, according to the chief legal adviser for the U.S. bishops. The official, Mark E. Chopko, general counsel for the U.S. Catholic Conference, told diocesan officials in a 12-page memorandum what tax-exempt churches can and cannot do in election year activities. Church organizations cannot engage in political campaign- ing, endorse candidates, pro- vide financial or similar sup- port or disseminate partisan materials, Chopko warned. "During an election cam- paign, exempt organizations re- main free to address issues of concern to them and to their membership, even when such issues are relevant to de cam- paign," he said. "However, such discourse must focus on issues and not personalities." The USCC holds a group tax exemption covering some 28,000 parishes and other church entities. Chopko said that means one church organization running afoul of the rules could create problems for all the others as well. Chopke said an exempt organization may not distribute campaign literature that sup- ports or opposes a particular candidate or political party. VOTE DICK LUGAR EDUCATION: Supports helping parents choose between public and private schools for their children. ABORTION: Supports Constitu- tional Amendment to protect unborn children. ARMS CONTROL: Supports mutual and verifiable cuts in nuclear arms. Manager of ratification of historic INF Treaty. JOBS: Supports pro-growth policies that have put a half-million more Hoosiers in jobs since 1982. Paid for and authorized by the Friends of Dick Lugar, Robert 7". Grand, Treasurer. II