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October 8, 1993     The Message
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October 8, 1993
 

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0m00s, 1ms The  -- for Cathollc.I of SouthwestMn Indiana 9 " .Commentary -- The marriage feast: Matthew's rewriting of Jesus' parable ,_ Gospel commentary for Oct. sage through their leaders. Thus the Church l u, 1998; Twenty-eighth Sunday, Cye00 -new 21:1.14 A king gives a marriage feast for his son. He sends servants to vite people, but they all refuse ne invitation. A second set of ser- rants goes out to plead with the in- ,ted guests but they all ignored the invitation and went about their business. Some of them even mis- treated and and killed the king's servants. While the wedding ban- quet is still waiting to take place, eking sendsan army to destroy the murderers aaa burn down their city. A third attempt is made to invi ests This time the ki te gu . . ng sends servants into the streets and .tY squares to invite anyone the,, find The banquet lll !s finally filled with guests; good and bad." ne king COmes into the hall and finds there a man en;UtrPper attire for a wedding. He confronts ;=v r. cmpnt, but the man has no excuse The "g orders h" " lm trod up hand and foot and thrown out into the darkness The favorite -- . n grim Matthew adds his ,a __ e.xpressmn: "where there will be wee in a.. aslling of teeth" P g kill th::a nge story! What kind of friends would =rvants of a king who invited them to a I How did the food remain edible ong time while all the inviting and the of the city took place? How could the invited from the street to be for a wedding? Isn't it a bit drastic a man hand and foot and throw him out because he was not dressed for a e was suddenly invited? By FATHER DON DILGER COLUMNIST Neither Jesus nor those who rewrote his parables were con- corned with such details. A parable is a teaching instrument to make a point or points. If reality suffers, that is no concern of the parable's author, nor should it be ours. There are two more primitive forms of this parable available to us. One is in Luke 14:16-24; the other in an ancient book called "the Gospel of Thomas." Matthew considerable rewrote the parable to suit his own ends or what he wanted the parable to teach. The original parable had no king, no son, no wedding, but only a banquet given by an ordinary man. Only one servant is sent out and only once. The invitees give excuses but do not mistreat or kill the servant, so no army is needed to take revenge, no city is destroyed. Instead of inviting anyone from the streets, Luke, with his usual concern for the underprivilegII, has the ser- vant invite "the poor, the maimed, the blind, the lame." The still older form of the parable in the Gospel of Thomas concludes with a statement ex- cluding all businessmen from the banquet! In the original form of the parable as Jesus may have used it, the parable is a "good news para- ble." This means that it justifies Jesus' outreach to the poor, to sinners. Jesus addressed the parable to religious leaders of his time. He appeals to them to see themselves in those who had excuses for not ac- cepting his good news. After Jesus' departure the Church would have used the parable as a justifica- tion for preaching the good news, the message of and about Jesus, to nations other than the Jews. The parable would have illustrated how those to whom Jesus was originally sent rejected his met- turned justifiably to other nations. Matthew revises the parable and places it into his gospel as part of his story of the confrontation between Jesus and religious leadership of his (Matthew's) time. He indicts the religious leaders as responsible for persecuting and even murdering Christian missionaries. The burning of the city in Matthew's form of the parable reflects the destruc- tion and burning of Jerusalem in the Roman-Jew- ish war in 70 $LD. The king is God. The son is Jesus. The army is the Roman army which becomes an instrument of God's vengeance in Matthew's theology. Matthew alone adds the little parable about the man without proper dress for the wedding ban- quet. The wedding garment represents the good works that every Christian must do, just like the good works on which salvation depends in Matthew's parable of the last judgment, Matthew 25:31-46. Those who do not have them are thrown out of the banquet, the heavenly kingdom. When Matthew adds the words, "many are called but few are chosen," he reflects the experience of his own Christian community. Some had come into the Church, but had defected. The statement must therefore be understood within Matthew's experi- ence and not be loosely applied to a theology of pre- destination to hell for most humans. A god with such a policy is not the God of the Christians who through Jesus extends his love most of all to the underprivileged, to sinners, and to the ordinary people, who forgives all to the end. Other readings: Isaiah 25".6.10; Philippi. ant 4:12.14 19.20. Arts Phone Donald City'Wide Delivery I's Riverside Governor 422-9981 ?s Pharmacy de Delivery 413 LOCUst Stre dOhrt all,. ..... et u uuay Stratman PAUL'S PHARMACY Paul Mayer, Owner 2107 W. Franklin St. 425-4364 Plaza Pharmacy Newburgh Plaza Shopping Center Fast Prescription Service Ken and Rebecca Hacker 853-7141 Oak Hill Pharmacy Prescription Specialists Hwy. 62 and N. Weinbsch Ave. LARRY SCHULTHEIS, Prop. 425-4422 EVANSVILLE SERVICE GUIDE CO. C'rPet Cleaning ERVIq FOr :t Heat Inc. Furnaces 800 E. Oregon ulNP Sales & Service TV & 2-Way FM 1916 W. FRANKLIN STREET PHONE (812) 423.7849 Herman Goebel Motor Co. NEW OR USED CARS Where the best deals are made Trade up  down Bank Financing 2001 W. De4aa,-e 423-7759 M&S Fire & Safety Equip. Co. Inc. Over 25 years sales and service in the Tel-state 670 E. Franklin 424-3863 FOR COMPLETE ELECTRICAL SERVICE FISCHER ELECTRIC INC. SCHNELLVILLE, IN 389-2418 RESTAURANT SPECIALIZING IN DELICIOUS GERMAN FOOD PRIME RIB CHARBROILED STEAOK COUNTRY FRIED CHICKEN SEAFOODS SALAD BAR BANQUET ROOM FOR PRIVATE PARTIES FOR ALL YOUR CATERING NEEDS, CALL : I 482-2640 ]  Hwy. 162S. .... 393 3rd. Ave., Jasper, IN I I DOMINICAN SISTERS OF HAWTHORNE 95 years of giving free, bands-on nursing care to incarable cancer patients. Our Sistem come from MI wMks of life. Prior ning expo'iem'e not required. COVFACT" Sr.Marie Edward Rosary llill tlome .600 Linda Ave. Haa, tborne, New York I0512 (914) 769-4794 Golden Jubilarians Basil and Lucille Scheessele of Evansville will celebrate their fiftieth wedding anniversary with a re-enactment of their vows during a Mass of Thanksgiving at Holy Spirit Church, Evansville, on Oct. 9. A buffet dinner and dance will follow at Clearcrest Pines Country Club. The couple was married Oct. 9, 1943, at St. Joseph Rectory, Jasper. They are the parents of five sons: Bill and Tim, both of Charlotte, N.C., Andy of Newburgh, Matt of Evansville, and Tom of Boonville, and seven daughters: Laura of Jasper, Julia of Nashville, Tenn., Alice of Indianapolis, and Martha, Sarah and Marianne, all of Evansville. Their daughter Anita is deceased. They have 21 grandchildren. Mr. Scheessele is president of Schalco Construction and Quality Door; he previously worked with Central Glass Company. Mrs. Scheessele retired this summer after working 25 years as a registered nurse at SL Mary's. She volunteers at Washington Avenue Health Center and at St. Mary's Health Center.