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September 9, 1994     The Message
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September 9, 1994

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2 The Message -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana September 9, Episcopal church adds St. Ignatius Feast to Litu ,'JP INDIANAPOLIS (CNS) n signs of progress in Catholic- born saint as one of the most where disagreement exists, sexual achvlty is The Hoffse of Bishops of the U.S. Episcopal Church has added the feast of St. Ignatius of Loyola to the Episcopal liturgical calendar. Issues of Episcopal Church teaching on sexuality and sharp cuts in the church's na- tional budget were among top issues at the 1994 General Convention, held in Indianapo- lis Aug. 24-Sept. 3. But the 1,000 Episcopal bishops, priests ,nd laity in at- tendance also addressed a wide range of other issues, including a recently published pastoral letter on racism by their bish- ops. They heard an upbeat report on Catholic-Anglican relations from Catholic Archbishop Oscar H. Lipscomb of Mobile, A]a., chairman of the Commit- tee on Ecumenical and Interre- ligious Affairs of the National Conference of Catholic Bish- ops. He cited significant recent Pope warns Continued from page 1 is necessary to resist the temp- tation of a dangerous shortcut: that of an all-out effort to re- duce birth rates through what- ever means possible," he said. Population planning pro- grams are acceptable, but only if they follow precise ethical conditions and respect basic values and rights which "poli- tics can never subvert," he said "In the first place, every human being from the moment of conception has the right to be bern, the right to live one's life," he said. The pope and other church leaders have criti- cized the Cairo draft document on this point, saying its promo- tion of =fertility control" by def- inition includes access to abor- tion. rhen there are the rights of the family, which is under- stood as a social nucleus founded on the stable union be- tween a man and a woman," he said. This union should be open to responsible procreation of children, he said. The church's definition of family is not an arbitrary one, but is supported by a universal moral sense common to different reli- gions and cultures, he added. The Cairo draft document defines the family in less clear terms, saying that "various concepts of the family exist." It urges society to better respond to this =plurality of forms." The pontiff said he would follow the work of the Cairo conference with intense prayers and hopes that it will result in a step to- ward a "culture of life and love." The conference's first day of meetings and speeches illus- trated the disagreement that exists on such fundamental is- sues as abortion. Prime Minis- ter Gro Harlem Brundtland of Norway called for a general le- galization of abortion, saying the alternative is suffering for women In remarks apparently aimed at the Vatican, she also said she had "tried in vain to understand how the term 're- productive health care' can be Anglican dialogue and argued that "it is precisely because of the closeness of our churches that the appearance of any dis- agreement or difference be- tween us can ... loom large in our minds" There was little debate among the bishops before their decision to include in the sanc- toral cycle of the Book of Com- mon Prayer the feast of St. Ig- natius, 16th-century founder of the Jesuits, an order whose members were once banned from Anglican England under penalty of death. St. Ignatius' observance was set for July 31, the same day his feast is ob- served by Roman Catholics In response to questions about the appropriateness of placing a leading figure of the Catholic Counter-Reformation in the Anglican liturgy, Bishop Frank Griswold of Chicago, chairman of the Liturgical Commission of the Episcopal Church, described the Spanish- read as promoting abortion as a means of family planning." Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, the only other female head of government at the conference, said the draft document tries to "impose adultery, sex education ... and abortion" on all countries. 'rhe holy book (Koran) tells us, 'Kill not your children on a plea of want. We provide suste- nance." Vatican spokesman Joaquin Navarro-Valls, also in Cairo, insisted to reporters that the Vatican would continue to press for changes and clarifica- tions of what he called "am- biguous" terms, including "re- productive health." The Vatican's point is that the World Health Organization's working definitions of these terms in- clude access to safe abortion. The Vatican has called this a "back-door  approach to making abortion an acceptable part of population policies. U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, open- ing the session Sept. 5, said he hoped participants would not lose time in disputes over ter- minology. He added that no single philosophical, moral or spiritual vision can be imposed on humanity. Navarro-Valls, speaking af- terward, said the conference in the Vatican's view was not a quarrel over semantics but a debate about principles. The Vatican newspaper, L'Osservatore Romano, sec- onded that point in a commen- tary assailing statements by Naris Sadik, executive director of the U.N. Population Fund and secretary-general of the conference. Ms. Sadik, speak- ing on the eve of the confer- ence, minimized objections to the draft document and said they should not overshadow the general agreement on basic principles among delegates. The Vatican newspaper re- sponded that Ms. Sadik's com- ments "once again proposed all the ambiguities" to which the Vatican and others have ob- jected over the last several months. exemplary figures of the 16th Anglicans and Roman erosexualmarriage. century. Catholics, we shall argue, But Bishop John S He cited the importance of share a common perspective Newark, N.J., introduced the healing of memories in the and acknowledge the same u second alternative progress of Catholics and An- derlying values. This being so, signed by 52 bishops, glicans toward Christian unity, we question whether the lim- that sexual Bishop Griswold, who is also ited disagreement, serious as it "morally neutral" and Episcopal co-chairman of the is, is itself sufficient to justify a ing the value of Anglican-Roman Catholic Dia- continuing breach of commu- monogamous" homosexual the United States, is nion." lationships. to be a leader of a pilgrimage The archbishop cited the nu- Nov. 2-10 of U.S. Catholic and merous Catholic-Episcopal The bishops then Episcopal bishops to Canter- diocesan covenants in recent that neither alternative bury and Rome. Also leading years and the collaboration of ment should be attached t0! the pilgrimage is Bishop John their national associations of official study text, but J. Snyder of St. Augustine, ecumenical officers on various ternative statements also be made Fla., Catholic co-chairman of programs and projects as ex- the U.S. dialogue, amples of joint witness and col- church members as part of At the end of the pilgrimage laboration that are growing ongoing dialogue. Bishop Griswold, who has de- alongside the theological dia- A proposal to cut back scribed himself as one of many logue. " ing of national offices and Anglicans nourished by the Ig- Before the General Conven- grams by more than 20 natian Spiritual Exercises, tion met, the leak of a draft cent, to a budget of I plans to stay on in Italy to visit teaching statement on sexual- million, provoked the Ignatian shrine at La_-ity provoked national contro- bate over the nature of Storca. versy. The draft, to be dis- gram cuts and the best Archbishop Lipscomb at- cussed and voted on by the for determining how tended the first two days of the House of Bishops, drew sharp local churches should General Convention as leader criticisms from some Episco- tribute to national o of a Catholic observer delega- palians who said it did not The budget cutback was tion but had to leave before his clearly uphold traditional nounced as a result of report came up on the agenda Christian teachings on the ing revenues in Episcopal j Aug. 26. Christian Brother Jef- sanctity of marriage and was frey Gros, associate director of too accepting of homosexuality ceses. the NCCB Secretariat for Ecu- as an alternative lifestyle. The General menical and Interreligious Af- After intense debate, the highest decision-making of the U.S. Episcopal fairs, delivered the arch- bishops overwhelmingly ap- bishop's written report in his proved a revised statement, meets every three years. place, restyled as "a pastoral study made up of two In the report Archbishop Lip- document" and modified to House of Bishops and scomb recalled"an almost palpa- more strongly reaffirm the House of Deputies, ble gloominess in the air" in church's traditional teaching formed by equal numbe: 1991 when the Vatican gave its on sexual relationships, priests and laity response to the 1981 "Final Re- At first they added as an ap- diocesan conventions. port" of the first Auglican- pendix an alternative state- the convention the two Roman Catholic International ment signed by 101 bishops meet both individually Commission, known as ARCIC I, that said the only appropriate jointly. The gloominess, he said, came from the Vatican's nega- Church meeting material tive judgments on some as- pects of that report and its re- quest for clarifications on four spiritual needs of new points concerning Eucharist and four points concerning MIAMI (CNS) -- The thou- Cubans who arrived ministry and ordination, sands of Cuban rafters who federal policy on acce But he reported that the re- have arrived in Florida will refugees changed Aug. quested clarifications were find the Catholic Church in fore that date, any submitted to Rome by the sec- Miami well prepared for meet- rafters who were picked ond international commission, ing their spiritual and material U.S. vessels were ARCIC II, along with similar needs, asylum. Since then, C comments from natibnal dia- "For us, immigrations are Iogue groups such as those in the normal course of events," have joined Haitians in Canada and the United States. said Auxiliary Bishop Agustin detained indefinitely at These, he said, led to a Vati- A. Roman. "We have lived from tanamo Naval Base, with can response this spring saying one immigration to the lum only offered to that"the clarifications have in- next: Cubans, Nicaraguans, apply at U.S. offices deed thrown new light on the Haitians. Those emergencies Gustavo Carion, questions .... The agreement are the status quo here." tor of the Refugee reached on Eucharist and min- Services ranging from coun- ment Office for Catholic istry by ARCIC I is thus seling to resettlement to emer- munity Services, said his! greatly strengthened and no gency financial aid and an in- can process about 1,000 further study would seem to be troduction to the local church tlement cases a month required at this stage." are among the offerings of could possibly double He said this does not mean Catholic agencies in the Miami that all Anglican-Roman. Archdiocese. with additionalstaff. Catholic differences over rain- Volunteer lay ministers, Two years ago the istry and authority have been known as emergency Catholic settled 5,000 Haitians resolved, missionaries, are ready to visit than two months, he "The 1981 'Final Report' people being detained at About 75 percent raised but left unresolved a Miami's Krome Detention Cen- refugees helped by th, number of questions related to ter, where those awaiting ira- Catholic C0nference's authority in the church," he migration processing are held. tion and Refugee said. "And our difference con- Similar groups of volunteers gram stay in the cerning the ordination of fanned into the streets of Dade with relatives. Those women was not taken up .... In County two years ago after no relatives in the other words, 'Stay tuned." Hurricane Andrew hit south States are sent to Archbishop Lipscomb cited Florida. as another major sign of The missionaries, trained by ' of the country. progress between the two the lay ministry office, will dis- , Refugees are not churches the recent ARCIC II tribute brochures with infor- welfare or food stamps,J report, "Life in Christ: Morals, mation on the Catholic Church given one-time Communion and the Church." in general and in South of $200 per person by He quoted from the report Florida in particular. They also eral government, being the statement that Catholics will visit the families of Krome Catholic and Anglicans "share the same detainees, vices steps in to help fundamental moral values .... Another arm of the Miami the people who Even on those particular issues Archdiocese is busy resettling a $200 boost.