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August 19, 1994     The Message
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August 19, 1994

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The Message --for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana August 19, 1994,__ Trent peparing to remember a history-making cou TRENT, Italy (CNS)-- Cen- these exterior adornments add take place within its Ro- doors to 34 high-ranking works by the individual are needed. On the thorny question of in' turies of weather have rounded the features on the stone lion's face and pitted the statues dec- orating the windows. But the wear and tear on to the historic allure of St. Vig- ilius Cathedral. The church building is preparing to cele- brate the 450th anniversary of the most important event to manesque structure -- the Council of Trent. On Dec. 13, 1545, the 13th- century cathedral opened its More of violent Ulster's children among the emotionally wounded BELFAST, Northern Ireland (CNS) -- Changing tactics in Northern Ireland's conflict are making life more harrowing for an increasing number of chil- dren in the province. As sectarian revenge mur- ders replace the street riots and anti-army strikes of the 1970s and 1980s, children are increasingly witnessing atroc- ity firsthand. "We are seeing more and more children referred," psy- chiatrist Dr. Richard Wilson told Reuters, the British news agency. Wilson 18 months ago helped set up a special unit for emotionally damaged children at the Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children. "One in three would have been witness to a shooting, often fatal, often of a close rela- tive," he said. "Others would have been present at a bomb blast, some will have been in- jured -- we've seen the whole spectrum of severity." At present nearly 50 chil- dren are being treated by the unit, with up to three new re- ferrals each week as the out- lawed Irish Republican Army, fighting to oust Britain from the province, engages in a war of attrition with the Ulster Vol- untary Force and other out- lawed paramilitary groups fighting for continued union with Britain. "The early period was one of rioting and intersectarian ac- tivism," Wilson said. "In the '80s it was a more circum- scribed struggle between para- militaries and the army." "In the '90s it changed again and became much more sectar- ian, with random tit-for-tat shootings and civilian bomb- ings such as the Shankill Road and Greysteel," he added, cit- ing two of Northern Ireland's most recent mass sectarian slaughters. "In a lot of these incidents children are witness to what happens." Victims sent to the unit are aged anywhere from 2 to 18, come from both Catholic and Protestant communities, and have problems ranging from nightmares to paranoia that the gunmen who broke into their home will one day come back for them. "Some have been very se- verely affected, and their symptoms include bed wetting, especially in younger children, and along with that you have a generalized fear and anxiety," Wilson told Reuters. "Some will be afraid to go out. They will be hyper-vigi- lant, hyper-aroused, and will startle easily" he said. "Some will have specific fears related to the situation they've been exposed to, and if something happened at home, they may not be able to settle. "Children very often worry that it is going to happen again and we can only provide lim- ited assurance about that," he said. Wilson declined to be any more specific for fear the chil- dren will be identified. He uses techniques ranging from drawings and play to talking through events in a supportive setting, often with members of the family present. "One scenario involves kids whose home has beenat- tacked, where someone was targeted in the family. Often that house becomes a fortress. It gets steel shutters, security cameras, and the family re- treats upstairs at night," he said. "We get them to draw a pic- ture of the house before and after -- it looks like Fort Knox, and it's a constant reminder for them," he said. Living at the scene of a terrorist attack means the children cannot es- cape their memories. Often tangled up with their terror is an inability to mourn the loss of a relative or friend. "If they've been scared out of their wits and preoccupied by dreams and recurrent night- mares, they can't get on with the grieving," Wilson said. "Death and grief are difficult anyway for children, and if adults are not in a position to help because they have too much trauma of their own to deal with, it gets prolonged," the psychiatrist said. He estimated that three-quar- ters of the clinic's children suffer what is known as post-traumatic stress .disorder, exhibiting symp- toms, high anxiety, avoidance and the sense of a foreshortened future, first associated with Vietnam veterans. But he said he is optimistic about the chances of recovery for Belfast's children of terror, members of a generation that have known nothing but ten- sion and strife. "We're in an unstable politi- cal situation and that con- tributes to nonresolution," he said. "There is very significant suf- fering going on; there has been a tendency to underestimate it but with early intervention it can be helped," he added. "They're not damaged for life." Black Catholic leaders hope to transform Church to serve better By ROB CULLIVAN Catholic News Service BUFFALO, N.Y. (CNS) -- Transforming the Church to better serve its black members occupied more than 130 partic- ipants in a late July conference in Buffalo. They also discussed trans- forming their own organiza- tions of black Catholic priests, seminarians and religious to better serve themselves. The conference, sponsored by Central City Apostolate of the Diocese of Buffalo, was at- tended by members of the Na- tional Black Catholic Clergy Caucus, the National Black Sisters' Conference and the National Black Catholic Semi- narians' Association. More than 1,300 priests, deacons, sisters and seminari- ans belong to the three organi- zations. According to Father Edward B. Branch, vice president of the clergy caucus, members discussed creating a communi- cations network to lessen the isolation that black clergy per- ceive in the Church. "Most of us are scattered all over the place," he said. "When we know each other, it's to the benefit of the whole Church." The caucus wants to estab- lish a regular newsletter en- abling members to keep in touch with one another, he said. The caucus also explored further developing the Insti- tute of Black Catholic Studies at Xavier University in New Orleans and establishing con- tinuing education programs for its members, Father Branch said. Like the priests they aspire to be, seminarians attending the conference also focused on helping each other develop their vocations, according to R. Tony Ricard, outgoing president of the National Black Catholic Semi- narians Association. To better serve the African- American and non-African- American men who want to serve as priests within black communities, seminaries must develop programs that empha- size black spirituality, he said. "In the black community, spirituality is based on the family," R icard said. "As a young man in the church, I don't begin a homily without asking the elders of the church permission to speak." He said that the church's emphasis on the saints paral- lels the black community's rev- erence for its ancestors, "We have African saints," he said. "You should call upon these saints when you do the martyrology." prelates. It marked the start of the council convoked to con- front the Protestant Reforma- tion and reform the abuses within the Catholic Church. The 18-year event became a turning point in Europe's reli- gious history and set the course of the Catholic Church for centuries. It gave rise to the Counter- Reformation, Catholicism's mo- bilization to win back the hearts, minds and souls of Protestants. It also established doctrinal and disciplinary mea- sures visible in today's church. Pope John Paul II plans an April visit to Trent to com- memorate the council. Trent's walls already are plastered with green posters proclaiming it "the city of the council." Parts of the cathedral exterior are covered with scaf- folding and huge signs an- nouncing restoration for the ceremonies. The council was the 19th in the Catholic Church's list of 21 ecumenical councils -- episco- pal meetings under papal pa- tronage having supreme au- thority on faith, morals, worship and discipline. Its 25 sessions were pro- longed by wars, theological bickering, warm and cool papal attitudes as the see of Peter changed hands several times, and a typhus epidemic that forced its transfer for several years to nearby Bologna. Issues argued ranged from the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist to the real resi- dence of bishops in their dioce- ses. Residency was a problem be- cause many bishops preferred living in Rome, where they could influence church policy, or preferred residing at court, where they had access to politi- cal power. The result was a ne- glect of pastoral duties. Although an original motiva- tion was to heal the splits in Christianity stemming from the Reformation, much of the council's work resulted in clearly defining the differences between Protestants and Catholics. Thus, Latin remained the language for Catholic Mass while Protestants worshiped in their native tongues. And since Protestants stressed the Bible as the only fountain of divine revelation, the council reiter- ated that tradition -- knowl- edge of the faith "transmitted in some sense from generation to generation down to our times" -- was to be accepted "with as much reverence" as the Bible. Against Martin Luther's view of "justification," salva- tion by faith alone, the council reaffirmed that faith and good I I ce::l:=, Trust SOUTH MAIN STREET P.O. BOX 191 LINTON, INDIANA 4744" 1 II dulgences -- remissions of temporal punishment for sins already forgiven -- the council reaffirmed the church's power to grant these but moved to eliminate abuses, principally the widespread sale of indul- gences as a source of church in- cTmis solidifying of the differ: ences between Catholics and Protestants was influenced by the fact that the split in Chris- tianity was virtually institu" tionalized by the time the council started. The council began two months before Luther's death. and 28 years after he issued his 95 theses qu many Catholic doctrines practices, especially gences. By the time the started, the reformers were ready divided among them" selves. By 1545 the Refc also had become politically controversial. Many German princes protected the reformers and adopted the new beliefs, seeing in these a way of assert" ing independence from Catholic Emperor Charles V, head of the Holy Roman tm" pire, which encompassed Gel" manic territories. The very choice of Trent, miles northeast of Rome, was partially motivated by The site was suggeste Charles V, who hoped reunited Christianity wo help bring peace to his domains. At the time, Trent was part of the Holy Roman Empire and its designation the church practice of a council in the area where church controversy It was also on the bore with the Italian-spea world and close Rome and papal influence. The importance of the cil of Trent has s controversies of its times. . Its measures included estaD." fishing church.sponsored naries for the education ture priests. Before, candidates had to training on their own. BishOps were ordered to in the dioceses entl their care. It ruled that indub could not be sold and charge should be made for letting sacraments. It officially establishea number of sacraments at and defined each, unity and indissol marriage. FOR COMPLETE ELECTRICAL sERVICE FISCHER ELECI00C SCHNELLVILLE, IN 389-2418 68TH ANNUAL GIGANTIC GARAGE sALE TEMPLE ADATH B'NAI ISRAEL , -ital) 3600 Washington Ave., Evansville (front St. Mary s HOSP nl Men., Aug. 22, 6 am to 5 pm Tues., g. 23, 7 to 11 a. , Fumitu re*Collectibles.Tool ,Sporting