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Evansville, Indiana
August 14, 1992     The Message
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August 14, 1992
 

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4 Perspective The Message -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana Below the surface, By PAUL R. LEINGANG getting to what&apos;s solid We removed layer after layer of old roofing, and found that the wood beneath it all was no longer solid. My two sons and I were working on the roof of a garage extension. The garage itself is tall, al- most two stories high The section that some previ- ous owner had built was attached to the back, pro- viding another six feet of storage area. The roof of that extension is almost flat. A year's worth of leaves and sweet gum balls and a few broken branches had accumulated on top of the roof. When I swept it all away, I saw holes and tears and soft spots in the roofing mate- rial, and intended to put another layer of roofing on top of it to seal it. After further examination of the roofing, it soon became obvious that another layer to cover up the problem was not going to be the solution. We tore and scraped and pulled off roofing material -- one layer, and then another, of roll roofing; a layer of shingles, and then another. We I pulled out the nails, to prepare for a new appli- cation of roofing. We were down to the wood, but not down to the end of the problem. The wood was wet and soft in places -- large places near the end of the roof, small places here and there. Replacing the rotten sections was not possi- ble. It was old wood -- of a different thickness than is readily available today. And it was wide -- of unusual dimensions compared to what is available today. We decided to take off the old wood and re- place it with new, standard dimension sheeting, and then cover it with new roofing. The job is not finished yet m and that's a cause for concern. A thunderstorm would not be helpful. What has all of this to do with anything? The following points are worth considering. If you are going to sweep away the debris of the past, be prepared to discover some flaws, II I August 14, 1992 some damage and some pain. That applies to a personal examination of conscience as well as to a roof. It applies to any effort at religious re- newal. It applies to the synodal process, too. A new cover, on an old problem is not a so- lution. We all have to cut away the damaged and uncertain layers, and get down to the solid portions of our selves, our faith, our church. Renewing a roof-- or ourselves, or our faith or our church  takes time. It is not fin- ished on one day of the weekend. Other events a thunderstorm of some type or other  can cause greater complications at a time when our outer layers of protection have been stripped away. And finally, the strength of what is beneath the surface has to determine if the work is worthwhile. In a life, a faith, a church -- even a small section of storage space attached to the end of a garage  what is beneath the surface is the reason for wanting to give it new life. Washington Letter College blues: Tuition's up, grants scarce, but loans aplenty By LAURIE HANSEN gets cut in 1991-92, up from With those assets no longer Lawmakers said the bill get cuts are called for is also Catholic News Service WASHINGTON (CNS) College tuition costs are spi- raling.upward as the reces- sion drags on, but Uncle Sam says all he can do for stu- dents is give them a loan. Donna Palmer, director of financial aid at Loyola Mary- mount University in Los An- geles, said her desk is piled high with letters from stu- dents appealing financial aid decisions. "The letters say, 'My dad lost his job. My mom or dad got a pay cut. We just can't af- ford tuition,"' Palmer told Catholic News Service. Both students and universi- ties are struggling. According to a report from the American Council of Education, made public Aug. 3, higher educa- tion institutions are having the toughest financial time in a decade, despite the record number of students enrolled in colleges and universities across the country  14.2 million in 1991. The report says 57 percent of all colleges and universi- ties saw their operating bud- 45 percent a year earlier. Many were forced to raise tu- ition, suspend faculty hiring, limit course offerings or put ,, off repairing buildings and making other capital im- provements. Meanwhile, the Higher Ed- ucation Act reauthorized by President Bush in June may intensify competition for aid by making more students eli- gible for assistance at a time when Congress isn't likely to increase available funds. According to The Chronicle of Higher Education, the law will make all students eligi- ble for a Stafford Student Loan, regardless of income. It raises current limits on the Stafford loans and removes the current $4,000 cap on the Parent Loans for Undergradu- ate Students Program, which will allow parents to borrow as much as they need for col- lege costs. Colleges that enroll many middle-income students are expected to benefit from Congress' removal of home and farm equity from the eli- gibility formula for student aid. The MESSAGE considered in determining what a family can pay for col- lege, children of middle-in- come homeowners should be eligible for Pell Grants, and many more will qualify for subsidized Stafford loans and college work-study. This news may sound good, but federal funds to fi- nance the programs are ex- pected to be scarce. Students who become eligible for loans will get them because the government considers these programs "entitlements," but those who qualify for Pell Grants, work-study funds or supplemental grants may find the well dry, the Chronicle reported. In fact, in late July, the House of Representatives voted 345- 54 to approve a bill that would cut Pell Grants by at least $100 and reduce other aid programs by 1 percent in 1993-94. The Pell Grant program prompted much discussion among lawmakers. The bill would increase spending for the grants, but would not pro- vide enough to keep up with rising demand. was the best that could be done given the 1990 budget agreement between Congress and the White House that placed tight limits on domes- tic spending in an attempt to control the federal deficit. The Senate had not yet drafted its version of the bill. Mike White, director of fi- nancial aid at the College of St. Benedict in St. Joseph, Minn., and St. John's Univer- sity in Collegeville, Minn., sees a public policy shift to- ward student loans "rather than a balanced diet of grant funds and loans." He and other financial aid officers say that while access to loans needs to be broad- ened to include the middle class, they are afraid not enough money will be put into the higher education grant program to fund what has been authorized. Benito Lopez, executive di- rector of the Washington- based Association of Catholic Colleges and Universities, says that when it comes to the financial aid crisis, part of the problem is inflation. "In- flation each year causes the dollars set aside to be worth less," he said. But making education one problematic, said Lopez.. , How many billions of dot- lars has the country used rescue the S&Ls (savings  loan mshtuhons) and ban.... If we recognize as a prwrlty educating our young people, why aren't we spendl whatever it takes to do s( asks Lopez. White agrees. "Our eduCS" tion president hasnot done ..... 1- e said. his nomewort< u "Funding for the next goners" tion of leaders is sorely lack" ing." John Lally, director off! " nancial aid at The CathOll University of America, says higher education is "in deS" perate need of more moneY. Despite the higher educe: tion law reauthorization, n body's found more graatnS i There s no more Pell Gr ,, money today than yesterdaY; he said. There are more loanS, Lally acknowledges, but he isn t sure that's a good thing. "There's a real limit to what a student can repay aVffer a lifetime, and we may .oj reaching that limit," he .salu i Lally says many law sctWU students find $27,000 a yo_ n financial aid isn't enOUgJ' o get them through school' See WASHINGTON page 1I 4200 N: Kentucky Ave. :.'..Evansville, IN 47720-0169 Weekly newspaper of the Diocese of Evansville Published weekly except last week in December by the Catholic Press of Evansville Publisher .............. Bishop Gerald A. Gsttelfinger Associate Publisher ............... Rev. Joseph Ziliak Editor.... .............................. : ......... Paul Leingsng Production Manager ........................... Phil Boger Circulation .................................... Susan Winiger Advertising .................................... Paul Newland Address all communications to P.O. Box 4169 r Evansville, IN 47724-0169 ' Subscription rate: $12:00 per year Single Copy Price: $,50 Entered as 2nd class matter at the post office in Evansville, IN 47701, Publica- tion number 843800. Postmaster: Return POD forms 3579 to Office of Publication Copynght 1992 Catholic Press of Evansville : of the first targets when bud- Asks prayer policy thoughthem ini thelookMessage,for them eVenvery ] Bishop' s schedule To the editor: carefully. I I now ask that you publish The following activities and events are listed on t Until a year or more ago the following. Thank you St. schedule of Bishop Gerald A. Gettelfinger you used to publish a letter to Jude for a favor granted, RPH. St. Jude, in which a promise Please be sure to publish was made if a favor was same as I promised St. Jude. granted to publish this fact. You quit publishing the let- ter and quit charging for the favor acknowledging. I use that prayer regularly, and have sent you at least 2 or more thank you letters to publish for favors granted through St. Jude. I think some times you forget topublish these thank you notices be- cause I can not always find Also if you have a charge now, please let me know so that I can pay it. Robert P. Hennig Princeton The Message publishes "Thank you for favor re- ceived" acknow]egements at no chm'ge.