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July 29, 1994     The Message
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ii ly 29, 1994 The Message m for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana 5 d from page 1 by Hutu politicians cost hundreds of thou- of civilian Tutsi and a less publicized, as massive refugee was developing in the Rwandan town of where some 880,000 and exhausted Rwandans were Relief Services was a 300-ton-per-week feeding program in which provided part nutritional needs of 100,000 refugees. On July 25, the spread of disease was declared beyond the capacity of humanitarian resources in Goma. "It is out of control," Peter Hansen, U.N. undersecretary general for humanitarian af- fairs and head of U.N. emer- gency relief coordination. "It is extremely dangerous. We don't have the capacity on the ground to deal with this," he told reporters. Aid workers sought a new site for mass graves and thou- sands more bodies piled up in camps and by the roadside. They estimated that the death toll had risen to about 11,000. Common graves covering an area the size of a football field had already been filled. Between the town of Goma and Katale camp, about 40 miles north, several thousand bodies awaited collection. Corpses were so densely packed along the roadsides that some bore the marks of tires from passing vehicles. Little bundles of children bound in cloth or reed mats lay next to the bigger forms that had been their parents. At Munigi camp, aid workers spread disinfectant over the piles of people where they fell. A reporter in Kibumba camp praises aid groups, urges to promote refugee return GANDOLFO, Italy Pope John Paul II the religious and hu- organizations with Rwandan and pleaded with the new government to it possible for the to return home. his July 24 Angelus the pope offered for efforts already asked for more on brothers and sis- lives, today more depend on our abil- ity to love and to give." The pope's remarks at his summer residence south of Rome came the same day U.S. troops began airdropping relief supplies into Goma, the Zairian border town ringed by makeshift refugee camps host- ing some 1.2 million Rwan- dans. A cholera epidemic was sweeping through the area. "To the genocide and desperate flight" of millions of Rwandans during more than four months of civil war, "today is added the epidemics," the pope said. "Who can remain indifferent?" In addition to asking the in- ternational community to step up its efforts, he said, "I also turn to those responsible for public life in Rwanda so that with adequate assurances and concrete signs they convince the refugees to return to their land and their homes." The United Nations was en- couraging the refugees to re- turn to Rwanda, and hundreds of refugees were doing so be- cause of the disease and lack of food and water in the camps. from page 4 "Disney Presents: Bill .The Science Guy." 'Bill Nye' might flunk proposed definition programming entertainment is obvi- an important objective." D. Werner, senior  President of business af- Walt Disney Television. Children's Television ,if taken seriously, does not that a broadcaster can add or modify a few It signals a funda- change in the way children's television is -- Karen Hill-Scott, 'education consultant. should understand that and entertainment mutually exclusive. In- many of the qualities nake a television show such as the ability to the attention of the audi- and convey a message, are to those found in any classroom.  -- Gary tts, senior director, Na- Center for Innovation, Na- Education Association. tiresome to hear the old industry cries of cen- denial of freedom of the severe economic burden, ttnconscionable meddling y Uninformed parents' when them of their pub- requirements. When the freedom to choose, broadcasters consis- opt not to provide educa- programming for children. Ldustry often presumes airwaves are its own and treats chil- as 'customers' to be mar- to rather than a 'public' to definition (of educa- programming) must be narrowed so that such shows as 'G.I. Joe,' 'The Jetsons' and 'Leave It to Beaver' cannot be counted as 'educational."'-- Catherine A. Belter, vice presi- dent for legislative activity, Na- ' tional PTA. "So long as other forms of con- tent are more profitable, chil- dren's educational programs will be avoided on commercial broad- cast television in the absence of any firm regulatory interven- tion. This axiom has held true for at least the last 20 years." -- Dale Kunkel, American Psycho- logical Association. "The FCC should relieve broadcasters of their public service obligation to children and instead charge the indus- try a very small percentage of its revenues. That money should be allocated to the Pub- lic Broadcasting System to use for programs specifically de- signed to educate children .... I believe a reasonable amount is $100 million annually, which is less than half of 1 percent of the revenues of the TV broad- casting industry." -- Peggy Charren, founder, Action for Children's Television. aIt is demeaning to claim children can't focus for more than a 60-second spot in educa- tional programming .... Many stations schedule children's programming in time slots that are frequently pre-empted by specials, particularly sports events .... There is a marked absence of shows for children 6 through 12 years old." --Char- lene Hughins Uhl, director, Maryland Campaign for Kids' TV "Shows such as 'Captain Kangaroo,' 'Ozzie and Harriet,' 'Romper Room,' 'Cosby,' Mr. Rogers,' Tly Three Sons' (and) 'Family Ties' ... grew out of a largely flexible, enlightened regulatory environment where stifling content and quantita- tive regulation were not ac- ceptable intrusions into the rich and diverse creative process that has made our in- dustry the envy of the world." -- Bruce Johansen, National Association of Television Pro- gram Executives. "I would guess that CBS would not have committed the resources to bringing (the Sat- urday morning science show) 'Beakman's World' to network television if our owned or affili- ated stations were required to broadcast an hour a day of children's educational pro- gramming (but) spread our programming dollars around more thinly." -- Johnathan Rodgers, president, television stations division, CBS. "When the FCC dropped its ban on program-length com- mercials for children in 1984, toy manufacturers immedi- ately flooded the marketplace with TV series designed as merchandising vehicles for their toys .... Four-fifths of toy sales now are licensed prod- ucts, mostly known from televi- sion. Licensing continues to drive children's programming today, with product-related shows accounting for 50 percent of new production .... It is be- cause the powerful marketplace forces work against children, that we need effective public policies to counter them." -- Pa- tricia Aufderheide, Center for Media Education. "I have faith in the broadcast- ers of our country that they not only can meet the requirement, but they can make money doing it." --Karen Jaffe, executive di. rector, Kidsnet. reported seeing a mother giv- ing birth just 10 yards from cholera-ridden corpses. Refugees who knew the end is coming were climbing under their mats to die so that others can tie them up more easily for burial. Others headed back into their country. 'Tee are all dying. It is better to be killed in Rwanda," said one refugee leading his chil- dren out of Zaire, retracing their steps of a week before. Maj. Gen. Romeo Dallaire, head of the U.N. Assistance Mission for Rwanda, told re- porters at the border he had seen 30,000 to 40,000 refugees on the road from the frontier town of Gisenyi to Ruhengeri, about 40 miles to the north- west. "People are crawling through the forest," he said. Dallaire said he wanted to pour aid into the Rwanda capi- tal, Kigali, so it would act as a magnet to draw refugees back. Church organizations in Britain and the United States called for increased assistance from governments and private donors for their relief efforts. In Rwanda, the church pro- gram which normally deals with development and relief had been "decapitated" by the civil war, said the director of CRS in neighboring Burundi, Chris Hennemeyer. "Some of our most dynamic church partners are dead or are in parts unknown," he said in a telephone interview from Kigali July 18. Hennemeyer was in Rwanda to begin putting the CRS oper- ation there back together. He said that of the 20-member staff of Rwandan professionals working for the agency prior to the war, the whereabouts of three were known. An American CRS worker who was evacuated from Rwanda in April as the mas- sacre of Tutsi civilians was gaining momentum told a Washington newspaper she still has nightmares. Now working at the agency's offices in Baltimore helping procure emergency equipment for the refugees, Tina Mallone was quoted as saying: "it's so depressing, but I just have to keep on trying." In Washington, USCC offi- cials were urging Catholics to flood the White House and Senate with appeals for U.S. assistance. A July 21 memo to diocesan social action and resettlement officials from Jesuit Father Drew Christiansen, director of the USCC Office for Interna- tional Justice and Peace, and John Swenson, associate exec- utive director of Migration and Refugee Services, said Wash- ington should be "flooded with calls" urging President Clinton to "organize the world commu- nity to an immediate response" to the refugee crisis. Thousands are dying. Tens of thousands will die. Hun- dreds of thousands are at risk," they said. "Every day's delay means many thousands of ad- ditional deaths." Solutions to population problems must be moral CASTEL GANDOLFO, Italy (CNS) -- The Catholic Church recognizes that rapid popula- tion growth generates prob- lems, but insists that any pro- posed solutions should be moral, Pope John Paul II said. That rules out abortion and contraception, he said. He also cited the "great potential" of natural family planning. According to some scientific evidence, "humanity as a whole is growing at a rate which could, in the future, cause difficulties for coexistence among people," the pope said. "The church recognizes the problem and does not underes- timate its importance," he said July 24 during his midday meeting with visitors for the recitation of the Angelus. During his address at his summer residence south of Rome, the pope said one of the central problems to be dis- cussed in Cairo, Egypt, at the U.N. International Conference on Population and Develop- ment would be %he so-called 'demographic explosion." The pope said the world's population growth is a "com- plex phenomenon" that has given rise to a variety of scien- tific projections. The Catholic Church has dedi- cated resources to studying the problem, he said, "taking into consideration the statistical data and evaluating the ethical and pastoral results." While no one can legiti- mately usurp the rights and responsibilities of individual couples regarding child-bear. ing, the pope said, the church "recognizes the responsibility of states in this delicate area." He pointed out the "Cate- chism of the Catholic Church" says: "The state has a respon- sibility for its citizens' well- being. In this capacity it is le- gitimate for it to intervene to orient the demography of the population. This can be done by means of objective and re- spectful information, but cer- tainly not by authoritarian, co- ercive measures." The state's efforts to contain or encourage population growth presupposes a sense of responsibility among families, the pope said. "Spouses must make their decision to procreate according to a reasonable plan based on a generous and, at the same time, realistic evaluation of their possibilities, the good of the newborn and that of soci. ety in light of objective moral criteria," he said. i Bishop' 'S Forum ! Bishop Gerald A. Gettelfinger is on vacation. His column, the Bishop's Forum, will return in niiAugust. " / I III [