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July 9, 1993     The Message
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July 9, 1993

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1993 The Message -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana 9 Commentary -- e of sower and ed: various settings for the parable commentary for July Sunday, Ordinary Cycle A: Matthew 13:1-23. Much of what we read in our )els is a recasting of words and thoughts after his death-resurrec- The first Chris- would have had no need to anything of what Jesus said they expected him to re- quickly for the final judg- earth and its inhabi- Gradually it became that Jesus was not about back. His first disciples died or would soon die, thus no more eye ear witnesses of Jesus could be relied on for deeds. What had been transmitted for decades now had to be recorded. Because the words of Jesus and the traditions had been transmitted orally, they process of change while being to new situations. Thus when we read !gospels we cannot be absolutely sure that we the words of Jesus himself. In many express the ideas of Jesus rather exact words. It should not be forgotten even if the words attributed to Jesus in our may not be exact but only convey his is these words that we now have that the revelation God intended. apart from the words attributed to Jesus, of teaching has also come down to us in els. He taught in parables. Of this there By FATHER DON DILGER COLUMNIST can be no doubt whatsoever. A parable is a proverb, a wise say- ing, or even a lengthy true or ficti- tious story, used to teach a lesson. Tile parable is designed to catch the attention of the hearer and tease the mind to active thought about the story or saying. Parables were already used in the Old Tes- tament and there are at least two thousand parables used by an- cient Jewish teachers. Parables were the common way of teaching in Jesus' time. Like other teachers, Jesus used this method. Today we have the parable of the sower and the seed. This para- ble is found in three gospels with the differences one would expect from three writers composing their story about Jesus in different times and cir- cumstances. Basically the story is this: a farmer goes out to sow seed for a new crop. Sowing was done by hand. Instead of the seed falling into neatly cultivated rows, some fell on the footpath. The birds ate it. Other seed fell among rocks. After germination it d[ied up because it was without soil. Other seed dropped among thorny bushes, germinated but was suffocated by the bushes. Some seed fell on good ground, germi- nated and produced a crop. Jesus would end his parable with the saying: "Those who have ears to hear, let them hear." Meaning: you figure it out and apply it. A parable can be understood on different levels. What should it have taught Jesus' original hearers? What did it mean to the Christian Church after Jesus? What purpose does it serve in Matthew's gospel, or, what did Matthew in- tend to teach by this parable? The probable meaning for Jesus' audience: the seed was the kingdom of God that he was preaching. The kingdom would arrive despite all obstacles, as certain as harvest follows spwing, The parable encouraged his disciples in the face of serious opposition that those who oppose them cannot prevail. At least some of his and their message would fall on receptive hearts. In the context into which Matthew places the parable, Jesus has just been rejected by reli- gious leaders. He turns to the crowd who also seem to misunderstand him. Then he turns to the disciples. The seed is Jesus' teaching and his dis- ciples are the good ground on which his words fall. They germinate and yield a harvest in the disciples. The interpretation given in today's gospel is the interpretation the Church attached to the parable after Jesus. Readers or hearers then and now are to see themselves in one of the cate- gories given in the gospel. Do they hear the word (seed} and ignore it? Do they hear the word, ac- cept it, then give it up under stress? Or do they hear, accept, then suffocate it with riches and pleasures? Or are they the good soil in which the seed takes root and yields a harvest? "Those who have ears to hear, let them hear!" Other readings: Isaiah 55:10-11; Romans 8:18.23. INSURANCE SERVICE Auto! Home! Fire & Life! Your Personal Service Agent ames L. Will Ins. Agency Inc. W. Franklin Street 425-31 AUTO TOPS. SEAT COVERS. BOAT COVERS STEREO SALES & INSTALLATIONS 254-3943 HWY 50 EAST, BEHIND UPS CENTER EUGENE WELP, OWNER  Peoples Trust Company SOUTH MAIN STREET PO. BOX 191 LINTON, INDIANA 4744' 1 I " Main Street Pharmacy 217 E Main St, Downtown WasHington Phone: 254-5141 ch Sheet Metal Inc. 1, Industrial & Commercial Heating & Cooling Installation Sales & Service I 422-9242 '] Michael and Patric][ Koch 15 S. Third .&venue, Evansville E]-ETE3 Weinzapfel, M.D. Pediatrician DL Weinzapfel is pleased to announce his association with Dr. Daniel Michel in the practice of pediatric medi- cine. Dr. Weinzapfel is now accepting new patients. !D ii:i:i re information or an appointment, call 422-6886 Holiday Professional Bldg. Suite 102 1202 W. Buena Vista Evansville, Indiana "LIVING TRUST" Protect your  one wtgh Living TnJsL Allows you to skleslep Pmbatel Save your loved ones unneemuu T tees and court oots, Today, Just havtng will Is not enoughl Theae docuncntl Include all the neceaumry property transfer form= to esLabl/sh and malntaln Uvmg Trust. Sample to fill In blanks (or only S8.95 (2 for S!4.991 to: Irma, P.O. IS  New lisvms, CT 06525 i I Medical Arts Pharmacy 3700 Bellemeade Avenue Phone 477-1532 Donald Gutzweiler City-Wide Delvery Duncan's Riverside Pharmacy Pmscrto Serv*ce Drugs - SutUres - Cosme's Mag, anes - "We Oehvor" Corner Riverside anti Governor Evansville 422-9981 I i Stratman's Pharmacy City-Wide Delivery 413 Locust Street John and Judy Stratman 425-5293 i III I Golden Jubilarians Maurice and Katherine l Hutchinson} Appuhn of Evansville will celebrate their fiftieth wedding anniversary with a Mass of Thanksgiving at St. Joseph Church in Florence. Ala. The couple was married |uly 20, 1t43, in Lyons, Go. They are the parents of |ohn Appuhn, who resides in Florence. '/'hey are members of St. Mary. Church, Evansville. In 1991, they re- ceived the Brute Society Award through St. Mary's. He re- tired from Bucyrus-Erie Company in Evansville alter 40 years. i I I I i I I II I PAUL'S PHARMACY Paul Mayer, Owner 2107 W. Franklin St. 425-4364 Plaza Pharmacy Newburgh Plaza Shopping Center Fast Prescription Service Ken and Rebecca Hacker 853-7141 I I II i Oak Hill Pharmacy PrescrUon SO:ahsts hh/. 62 and g Wolnbech Aw. LARRY SCHULTHEIS, Prop. 425-4422 II J "1 I LinCo Coffee Services Total Beverage Oirittor 4 V of Coitees sd Tus .,WHA YOUR T - ,.-,,..,,,r ElWt-lt133 i I I American National Bank Bicknell - Sar't:)orn Vincens [rNe4n Facditm - V FD.I.C. A Fu ,etvica p I Ir It I