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July 4, 1997

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I/ I I; i I, I I I "i 1997 The Message -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana 5 Bishop's Forum-- be apprehended, accused, and correctly condemned n act of using outdated Inn- allow me to update myself in presence. Last week I referred dal sacraments which encom- s d Marriage and Holy Orders. lem ray growing-up years, the B a 1- Catechism, and its predecessor, e ttarve Catechism, were the which I memorized many terms with little under- In my seminary years and of sacramental to a greater under- of those words. Nonetheless, and prior to the Second Vatican I and indeed prior to the Catechism of the Church, now the guiding document. understand that I am happy to have at a time when I learned and appre- the beauty of the past and was able to antici- promise of the Second Vatican By BISHOP GERALD A. GETTELFINGER OOPS! Council. This is especially true in the celebration of the sacraments which I was ordained to adminis- ter. On the other hand, today is not then; it is now. I must learn to use terms that are common for today's discussion. For this reason, below you will find a much clearer description of the sacraments of Marriage and Holy Orders to which I referred as found in the Catechism of the Catholic Church. To put this in a fuller context, Chapter Three concerns the "Sacraments at the Service of Com- munion." Following are those texts: 1533 Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist are sacraments of Christian initiation. They ground the common vocation of all Christ's disciples, a vocation to holiness and to the mission of evangeliz- ing the world. They confer the graces needed for the life according to the Spirit during this life as pil- grims on the march towards the homeland. 1534 Two other sacraments, Holy Orders and Matrimony, are directed towards the salvation of others; if they contribute as well to the personal salvation, it is through service to others that they do so. They confer a particular mission in the Church and serve to build up the People of God. 1535 Through these sacraments those already consecrated by Baptism and Confirmation for the common priesthood of all the faithful can receive particular consecrations. Those who receive the Sacrament of Holy Orders are consecrated in Christ's name "to feed the Church by the word and grace of God." On their part, "Christian spouses are fortified and, as it were consecrated for the duties and dignity of their state by a special sacrament." In brief, the Sacraments of Holy Orders and Matrimony are not private. They are "public sacra- ments." They are not for the individuals alone but for the community as well. Next week: Marriage is a public matter and that has implications. ions vary to religious freedom law change IINGTON (CNS) -- ng quotes are relat- [ .e Upreme Court's June talon overturning the  Freedom Restoration 0 RFRA, in the case of vs. F10res. $  national experience that the Constitution is ,4 7 best when each part t0. , erament respects both e titution and the prop- i01# i0}s and determinations yl i' "er branchn t J:; i@ th0ny Kenne d ?rity opinion. $# d return to a rule that i:,   Ominalist 00tiCe Anto00 vote.  Ph Roger ;:ecision w ;Oe r way ;el = ,!" Church. ' i:PPorter capital t.) of requires government to justify any substantial burden on reli- giously motivated conduct by a compelling state interest and to impose that burden only by means narrowly tailored to achieve that interest." -- Jus- tice Sandra Day O'Connor in a dissenting opinion. "This decision means govern- ment will have more power and individuals will have less. The justices have dealt a serious blow to the legal safeguards protecting legitimate religious freedom claims. "Congress should have the ability to expand the American people's religious freedom rights if it chooses. This law was by no means radical. It simply tried to protect religious practices from excessive gov- ernment regulation." -- Barry W. Lynn, executive director of Americans United for Separa- tion of Church and State, Washington. "Religious property owners have special needs and inter- ests. However, they are also integral parts of their commu- nities. Local communities must have the right to apply land- marks laws to both secular and religious properties. Today's !: gamst an aggres-  r re. page4 our toys have taught us. For which has distanced itself fur- some, the Gulf War was a glori- ther and further from the reve- l: P otect public order fied video game. Even in our own lation of God has lost its sense of i ety of persons, public community I can "kill you" in a the awesome dignity of every culture human being. The of laser tag, mortal "game" com- hould limit itself to of ,, because they better bat, paintball, or whatever, death is the grotesque conse- .i to the concrete cond]- Ought we rethink how we spend quence when a society has t Cmraon good and are our "leisure time?" obscured the source of all life." -,,-afrrnity to the digni- To quote Cardinal Bernard t aan person. (#2267) Law, Cardinal Archbishop of John W. McMullen I We have become what Boston, "a society such as ours Evansville i00onfront  tlitor, tenting the new Catechism in its forced it (the Supreme Court) to ei'ng I find of sic- Russian translation a few weeks suspend the death sentence a  Chief Justice Scalia ago, officially stated that the few hours before the execution."  defiance of Church death penalty will be excluded (The source of information in "in every case," without excep- this letter): Executive Intelli- minalist Supreme .!ce Antonin Scalia g vote.., against *Y Virginia death row Ph Roger O'Dell III. cision would have per way had Scalia e ofllcial position of "nurch (Scalia is a [Confront the death penalty issue tion, in the teaching of the Cat- echism. Hands Off Cain, the Italian anti-death penalty group which last December staged street protests in Rome against ODell's death sentence, responded to the high court ruling thus: "It can only be explained as an act of spite against the great mobiliza- tion, especially by Italians and gence Review News Service Briefing, June 24, 1997. I hope you can do something about the death penalty issue in the Message. I think many read- era could use an opportunity to confront this issue and thereby reach a deeper and stronger appreciation of the faith. John Michael O'Leary Ratzinger, in pre- the Pope, which six months ago Evansville ,II0000Us commanded it: Love one another litor: ond Vatican Council 1961-1964. like he were a prophet and he I: :i0000ay 2 issue of the We can genuflect until our answered many questions with- - Were many good knees are sore, make the sign of out knowing they were going to " : bou - : I:* t manners at the cross until our arms ache, be printed. i: :s noted that dis- and pray the rosary until the Jesus said, rhis I command I; :: rl be visual as well beads are worn, but if we don't you, that you love one another." i ::,,. have love for our fellow man in Remember he didn't ask us to " tin High Mass; it our hearts we have a serious love one another, he command-  thl, but from some problem. , ed it. .tsabout Mass I Father Dilgers commentay ,.,: ri,,,, ,..tlg -" ::i ,oloi'n O! tile ;ec- In thiS same issue was almost decision reinforces that right." -- Richard Moe, president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington. "The least dangerous branch' of government has turned out to be the most dangerous branch for those who value reli- gious freedom .... "--J. Brent Walker, general counsel, and Melissa Rogers, associate gen- eral counsel, of the Baptist Joint Convention, Washington. %Ve should all remember that freedom denied to anyone today can be freedom denied to everyone tomorrow."  Richard D. Land, president of the Ethics & Religious Liberty Commis- sion of the Southern Baptist Convention, Nashville, Tenn., and Washington. "(The decision) deals the most serious blow to religious liberty this nation has witnessed in recent memory, and.., leaves minority religions vulnerable to legislators and government offi- cials who may sometimes be oblivious to the impact of their actions on religious observance." Richard T. Foltin, legislative director and counsel of the American Jewish Committee, Washington. "the T]oreg decision will llke- ly be remembered as the 'Dred Scott' of church-state law. But, as with 'Dred Scott,'Americans working together will overcome this setback to freedom." -- The Rev. Oliver Thomas, special counsel for religious and civil liberties ofthe National Council of Churches, New York. Washington Continued from page 4 Title I teacher into the main building. Not only will it eliminate logistical problems of getting children bundled up in inclement weather and losing time whenever a class is moved, she'll rest easier knowing the students and the teacher are closer at hand. Sister Angelilli said gunshots came through the walls at the isolated Title I portable classroom at the last southwest Philadelphia school where she worked. In Brooklyn, N.Y., Michelle Gallo may again allow her daughter to participate in the remedial classes. Gallo took her daughter out of the Title I pro- gram because she thought it was too dangerous for the child to leave her regular classroom at St. Francis Xavier School and go to another school for the classes. Gallo was one of 13 Brooklyn parents who joined the NewYork City school district msg to reverse the Supreme C  't!5 decision in Aguilar vs. Feltom The 12-year-old ruling said public school employees could no longer go into religious schools to teach remedial education courses to which all low-income children are entitled. That led school districts to spend hun- mobile classrms and "ot.her I I ways of providing classes off the grounds of religious schools. In agreeing that Aguilar had become unworkable, the Supreme Court this year made it easier for religious schools to participate in Title I and effectively made mil- lions of dollars available to include more children in the program. Funds for portable classrooms and other arrangements came off the top of each district's fed- eral allocation, reducing the number of students who could be included. Robert Kealey, executive director for elementary schools at the National Catholic Educa- tional Association, said thou- sands more Catholic school stu- dents may now be able to participate in the remedial pro- grams. Kealey maid about 73 percent of the nation's 8,300 Catholic schools -- about 6,000 schools have eligible students, but only about 4,800 have participated in Title I recently. The other 1,200 Catholic elementary and high schools =generally are not in the program because of the incon- venience," he said. With more money available for classroom instruction instead of going to rented mobile traits or run- ning buses, Kealey expects more Title I allotments will be available for students who until now bev