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May 17, 1991     The Message
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May 17, 1991

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4ay 17, 1991 The Message -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana Accused killers of Jesuits to be tried cal-npus of E1 Salvador's Je- suit-run Central American University. Benavides and seven of the other suspects were being held without bail on charges of murder, while one of the enlisted men was at large. In April, the Supreme Court named Justice Salvador Alberto Urrutia to study an appeal filed by family mem- bers for the suspects' release on bail. But, in line with a brief presented to the court by Urrutia which recom- mended that the appeal be turned down, the court's con- stitutional tribunal ruled May 8 that the suspects must re- main in jail without bail for the duration of the trial. At the same time, the tri- bunal ruled that there exists "acceptable evidence" to allow the Fourth Penal Court to proceed with the murder trial. The high court's constitu- tional tribunal cited as part of that evidence the preliminary testimony of Lt. Yusshy Men- doze and Lt. Jose Ricardo Es- pinoza, both of whom are ac- cused of participating in the crime. According to the released evidence, Espinoza told gov- ernment investigators that Be- navides told the other sus- Sister Ryan dies May 7 SAN SALVADOR (CNS) -- .1 Salvador's Supreme Court ff Justice has ordered a lower :ourt to proceed with the trial f nine soldiers accused in :he November 1989 slaying of ix Jesuit priests, their house- keeper and her daughter. In a ruling handed down May 8 a tribunal of the court also rejected an appeal for the irelease on bail of the accused S01diers which had been pre- sented by their families. The decisions came as jury selection in the trial in E1 Sal- Vador's Fourth Penal Court Was set to begin, paving the Way for the beginning of what Will be the first civilian trial 1.0f military personnel on ; Crirninal charges in the coun- try's history. The Salvadoran govern- aent has accused four army officers, including Col. Quillermo Benavides, and five enlisted personnel of the Nov. 16, 1989, slayings on the ...beacon, $ ! :ontinued from page 9 llelp deacons' wives by pro- Viding "a concerned, caring director and staff who are aware of a woman's call, her namitment and her needs," raz said, and by fostering Ornmunity among wives, of- ering opportunities for con- tinued growth, and urging COuples to place their mar- riage high on their list of pri- orities. Once a woman gives up the : idea of,"trying, to be a perfect ' deacon s wife and begins to PUrsue her own interests, Mraz said, the diaconate can enhance her life and mar- riage. "There needs to be less Pressure on us to minister, to always be doing, and more emphasis on being -- being real, well-rounded, faith-cen- tered women, she said. Services for Sister Joseph Eleanor Ryarl, 82, who died May 7, were held May 10 in the Church of the Immaculate Conception at St. Mary-of- the-Woods, with burial in the convent cemetery. Sister Ryan entered the Congregation of the Sisters of Providence in 1933 and made her final vows in 1940. She taught at St. Rose Academy, Vincennes. The gospel message has the power to transform and enlighten us, and people have the power to choose their response to God's word. The media, too, have the power to persuade andinflu- ence us. But with the many media outlets available today. making the right viewing, listening, and reading choices is harder than ever. The Catholic Communication Campaign (CCC) helps make those choices easier by funding value-based educa- tional programming and projects on a national level and in your diocese. ,#,'''N Please give generously to the CCC on Collection Sunday in 3'our parish. h,f- 1991 Catholic Communication Campaign For more mtormatlon, contact our local C('C dircclor or the national otfi.c The ('alholic ('onlnlullicalton C:'mlpa]en, I_ niied Stoic,, Calholi Confcrentc. 3211 F,unh Srrct'l, N.E.. Waquncloa. D( 2oO17.114. 2021 541-3237. pects during a meeting at E1 Salvador's Military School just hours prior to the mur- ders that they were in a situa- tion "in which it is us or them; we're going to start with the leaders and nside our sector we have the uni- versity and that's where E1- lacurria is." The last reference is to Fa- ther Ignacio Ellacurria, the Spanish-born Jesuit priest who was rector of the univer- sity and who was gunned down along with five other Jesuit colleagues. Mendoza said that in the same meeting Benavides told the suspects that they were in an "all or nothing" situation. Referring to the Jesuits, Bena- vides allegedly said that "it is us or them .... They are the intellectuals who have direct- ed the guerrillas for a long time." The court tribunal said Es- pinoza testified that Mendoza -- who had directed a search of the university premises the night prior to the murders -- was ordered by Benavides to "eliminate" the Jesuits and to leave "no witnesses." After being ordered to over- see the operation, Espinoza said he expressed his reserva- tions because the killings would create "a serious prob- lem." He said he was told by Benavides, "Don't worry .... You have my backing." Critics of the Salvadoran government investigation have charged that other top- ranking military officers were involved in planning the murders, but that a military coverup of evidence has pre- vented their being brought to trial. On May 6, two former gov- ernment prosecutors in the case hired as private lawyers to represent families of the murder victims told Fourth Penal Court Judge Ricardo Zamora that they believed the crime to be "a massacre au- thorized by members of the high command of the armed Social activist says that U.S. bishops were wrong By JAY COPP Catholic News Service CHICAGO (CNS) -- It was a mistake for U.S. bishops to apply the just war theory to the Persian Gulf War, accord- ing to Jesuit Father Daniel Berrigan. "It seems to me this is a de- bate that doesn't belong in the church, especially a mod- ern church with the weapon- ry there is today," said Father Berrigan May 6 in an inter- view with The New World, Chicago archdiocesan news- paper. "Our value ought to be the Gospel instead of some pagan theory," he added. The just war theory was promoted by St. Augustine of Hippo in the fifth century. It holds that use of force is ac- ceptable for certain restricted reasons. Father Berrigan, a longtime social activist imprisoned many times for protesting Jill Ann White Administrator I _ LII Hwy. 57 SO, Washington, IN l-lr -== 812.254.4516 'BII Prairie Village BB Living Center HAU BSTADT ELECTRIC against war and nuclear mis- siles, is a visiting professor this spring at Chicago's De- Paul University. "In one way I was encour- aged because the church had never supported us (peace ac- tivists) during the Vietnam War," he said. "This time the bishops spoke out early be- fore the war." Father Berrigan, who was arrested three times in New York City during demonstra- tions opposed to Persian Gulf events, said support for the war may eventually diminish. "I'm not sure how popular this war will be as the cost of it becomes more apparent, as soldiers come home to noth- ing except the ghetto again," he said. "We haven't really written the last chapter on this war." Father Berrigan said the Vietnam War taught U.S. leaders the wrong kind of lessons. "I think people like (Presi- dent) Bush learned a nagging sense of failure that they had to obliterate with another war," he said. "I was never really able to understand Bush's fever to get the war under way." i  People; Trust Company 59 SOUTH MAIN STREET P.O. BOX 191 LINTON, INDIANA 47441 24-HOUR Industrial, Commercial and Residential TONY NAZARI0 P.O. Box 405 812-768-5207 Haubstadt, IN 47639 .Ed L. Lee , Mortuary 101 North Meridian Street , Washington, IN 254-3612 Bicknell - Sandborn Vincennes Drive-in Facilities - Member F.D.I.C. A Full Service Bank . 11 A fect returning cil of 'Catholic We adopted Mother Teresa as a mission project in 1958. Commits to justice SACRAMENTO, Calif. (CNS) -- In a pastoral let- ter on social justice, Bish- op Francis A, Quinn of Sacramento committed his diocese to observing pub- lished standards of just church have due form  unto: ties:of tel :and orship. The Cuban news PrenSa Latina said Mm the mbte:s were