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May 14, 1993     The Message
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May 14, 1993

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6 ,he Message -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana May When is war just? Catholic Church tradition sets condit0000l WASHINGTON (CN$) -- the use of armed force, all the Conference Administrative limited use of force" was one ria: Catholic moral tradition spells out the criteria for a "just war." The U.S. bishops stressed in a 1990 statement that in criteria, not just some, must be met simultaneously before war can be considered morally justified. In March, the U.S. Catholic Board, a group of about 50 bishops that directs USCC policy between general meet- ings of the U.S. bishops, said in a statement that a "strictly of the solutions to the ongo- ing Balkan crisis, as were continued negotiations and economic sanctions. These are the just war crite- U.S. bishops return to peace pastoral UNCASVILLE, Conn. (CNS) -- Cardinal Joseph L. Bernardin of Chicago warned America against "the im- morality of isolationism" in a speech marking the lOth an- niversary of the U.S. bishops' peace pastoral. "After the Cold War, there is an understandable but dan- gerous temptation to turn in- ward .... But this is not an option for believers in the universal church nor citizens in the world's last super- power," the cardinal said at a symposium May 1 in Un- casville in the Diocese of Nor- wich. "In a world where 40,000 children die every day from hunger and its consequences, in a world with ethnic cleans- ing and systematic rape in Bosnia, in a world where peo- ple are still denied life, dig- nity and fundamental rights because of their race, ethnic- ity, religion or economic sta- tus -- we cannot turn away," he said. "There is need for new thinking about the status of peace, the nature of war and effective responses to con- flict," he said. As one clear example he cited Bosnia, where he said there is "no real military so- lution," but at the same time "effective steps must be taken to protect the innocent and to stop the horror of ethnic cleansing." The meeting was convened by Bishop Daniel P. Reilly of Norwich to look back at the peace pastoral and ahead to current and future challenges of war and peace in a dramat- ically changed world. Cardinal Bernardin was chairman of the bishops' committee that wrote the peace pastoral and Bishop Reilly was a committee mem- ber. The cardinal is a member and Bishop Reilly the chair- man of a new bishops' com- mittee currently preparing an assessment 10 years later. It was on May 3, 1983, at the Palmer House in Chicago, that the U.S. Catholic bishops gave nearly unanimous ap- proval to "The Challenge of Peace: God's Promise and Our Response" -- a docu- ment credited with raising American consciousness about the moral dimensions of nuclear deterrence policy and the arms race. In 1983 "none of us would have predicted or even imag- ined the enormous changes that have taken place in the past decade," Cardinal Bernardin said. What is needed now, he said, is "to address the unfin- ished business of the pastoral letter, that is, the challenges of peacemaking and solidar- ity in a changed, new world." I I Just cause: War necessary to deter oFT unjust aggression. : -- Competent autl The appropriate lay thorities must use of force. Right retention, intentions, such as an aggressor or material possessions, considered sufficien: cation for the violence c Others, such as human rights against real or jury, may justify war. Last resort: :vlilJ tion is justified only peaceful alternatiTos or reverse agg been exhausted. Probability of There must be a clear prospect of suc justify the human a costs of engaging in Proportionality  The human and war must be rne against the values a and the anticipated el m Proportional Don't think for a moment monks are only to be found in history books. COME & SEE ... How Benedictine monastic life is lived at Saint Meinrad. COME & SEE ... how work, prayer, time for oneself, and time with others fit together. COME & SEE ... how God has called so many different kinds of men to live as monks. MIGHT YOU BE ONE OF THEM? Come and see. "Come & See" Week at Saint Meinrad Archabbey May 30- June 6, 1993 If you are a Roman Catholic me bel unmarried, and thinking upon the Rule of St. .:i!  . .:: the ages of 20 and 30, prayer and work based )ending a week with us. ! :::" i For more information and an applicaUon, write or call: Vocation Director. Saint Meinrad Archabbey St. Meinrad. IN 47577-1010, 812-357-6302 I I II Ill I means: In the war, the military meE must be commenur the evil that one overcome. Discr rio principle of coi immunity must be Civilian population he targeted. HAl ELECT TONY NAZARIO P'( 812-768-5207 301 MAIN ST. SINCE Monumen DALE, IND 9 Praide Uvlng