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The Message
Evansville, Indiana
May 14, 1993     The Message
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May 14, 1993

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4 The Message -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana May 14, ! -- Perspective -- . " Continuing efforts of communicators proclaim Good I just realized this week that my father knew more about tele- vision that I thought he did. We used to have differences of opinion, Dad and I, about how. to use television. I always wanted to watch a program and then do the work he wanted me to do. He always wanted me to do the work first and then watch television. I would try to explain that I would mow the lawn at four o'clock, as soon as the program on television was over. He would tell me, "You can watch televi- sion later." I would argue that the same program would not be on "later" -- it was on now, and it lasted until four o'clock. He could never see the point of that argument. I could never understand how he could not understand why I didn't want to mow the grass, at ten min- utes to four. Dad had caught on to Ihe possibilities of television long before many people who work in television understood the potential. What is on television is not as important as the fact that the television is on. Take a look at what is available on cable and broadcast television. Movies, music, the arts, the news, sports, religion, comedy, shopping, invest- ment news, health informatibrl and weather -- just to name some of the larger categories of pro- Washington Letter By PAUL R. LEINGANG COLUMNIST gramming. And what Dad said so many years ago has become true: you can watch it later. You can tune in to the weather channel any time, for example, and watch' it till you have seen enough. It makes little or no difference when you start. You just turn it on. The average American family turns on the television -- and keeps it on -- for 53 hours a week, according to the most re- cent figures provided by the Na- tional Association of Broadcast- ers. Are there 53 good hours of television programs each week? Probably not, but that's not the point. If you have the television on, you might see a program, you might get some information, you might see a commercial for a product  if any of these items catches your eye. TV is just a window you some- times look through. Language and distance are no longer of any concern for the television viewer. The people who make television possible are all but invisi- ble on the viewer's side of the set. Engineers and photographers and others may have to worry about travel and time and equipment, but all the viewer has to do is to turn it on. It seems like a miracle. It is the same miracle that happens when the Message or any other newspaper is delivered to your door. All you have to do is open it and read it. The work that went into it is all but in, : visible. The radio in your home or in your car connect you with the latest news and o or take you back to the music you grew up -- and everywhere in between. Those it happen are invisible. In the middle of this bombardment dreds  maybe thousands -- of messages each day, are the efforts of communicators who pro- claim the Good News. Some of the messages you read or see or hear each day proclaim the Good News in rect way. The televised Mass on Sunday is example. The Gospel commentary of Father aid Dilger in the Message is another. Some of the messages are less obvious also important. The words of a secular radio may inspire and uplift, or affirmation of faith. This weekend is the annual collection the Catholic Communications Campaign. A cessful collection will make it possible . S. people who work m modern commumcatlon the ones who have to worry about time and dis" tance and equipment  to continue to proclai$ the Good News. Then you will have it when are ready to read it. It will be when : you turn it on. Applyi0000!] just war principles to the Balkans By MARK PATrISON Catholic News Service : wASHiNG-bN [CNSi- As the Balkan conflict grinds on, political and church lead- ers are at odds on how to solve it. Unlike the debate prior to the Persian Gulf War, though, this time the issues involved seem both more numerous and complex. Two years ago, most Re- publicans in Congress thought the time had come to draw a line in the sand, while most Democrats R but not all -- were willing to give more time for United Nations sanc- tions against Iraq, which had invaded Kuwait and posed a threat against neighboring Saudi Arabia and U.S. oil supplies. Most religious leaders the U.S. bishops among them resisted the push toward war. The bishops' statement of November 1990 said all peaceful means to solve the The MESS AGE 4200 N: Kentucky Ave. Evansville, IN 4770-0169 Weekly newspaper of the Diocese of Evansville P  weetdy except last week in Decembe by the Catholic Press of Evansvi . ............  Ge & Gettngef ........................................... Paul Lngang Pm Maa ...........................  SoO Advn .................................... Paul Newiand s=n wr .............................  Ann Hus Address all oarrenunications to P.O. Box 4169, Evansville, IN 47724-0169 Subscription rate: $12.00 per year Single Cow Price: $.50 Entered as 2nd class matter at the post offce in Evansville, IN 47701. Publtca- tK number 843800. Postmaster: Return POD forms 3579 to OffiCe of Publication 190ad I I Gulf crisis had to be ex- Elie Weisel, Holocaust sur- theory outdated and that ties," Father Hehir sa i&: hausted in order to overcome the "clear presumption against war." Catholics of every stripe wrestled with how just war criteria applied to the Persian Gulf, especially after then- President Bush said that U.S. involvement in the Gulf was a "just cause." Now, in the fractured, frac- tious republics of what was once Yugoslavia, the just war theory looms again. President Clinton has proposed a U.S.- led peacekeeping force if Bosnian Serbs join Croats and Muslims in signing a three- way peace pact -- or, if they don't sign, threatened the use of air strikes against Bosnian Serb military positions. Although Bosnian Serb military leader Radovan Karadzic signed the pact May 2, it was rejected May 6 by the self-styled Bosnian Serb parliament, which offered a May 14-15 plebiscite on the treaty. As the parliament gave its thumbs-down to the deal, Secretary of State Warren Christopher was criss-cross- ing a reluctant Europe to round up support for U.S. ini- tiatives. In Congress, those arguing against U.S. military involve- ment say they don't want an- other Vietnam. Among those are U.S. Sens. Bob Kerrey, D- Nob., and John McCain, R- Ariz., both of whom served in Vietnam. Kerrey lost a leg in Vietnam, and McCain was a prisoner of war. Those arguing for air strikes say intervention is jus- tified lest Bosnia become an- other Holocaust. with its Muslim population deci- mated as the European Jewish population was systemati- cally wiped out at the hands of the Nazis. vivor and Nobel Peace Prize winner, implored U.S. lead- ers at the dedication of the Holocaust Museum in April to take more active steps in ending the Balkan war. Inter- ventionists include a number of Vietnam-era doves in Congress, including Sen. Joseph L. Biden, D-Del. The U.S. Catholic Confer- ence Administrative Board in a statement issued March 29 backed a "strictly limited" use of force as one possible solution to the war, yet also called for a peace treaty to be signed among the warring factions. Pax Christi U.S.A., the U.S. arm of the international Catholic peace movement, is still firmly against military intervention in Bosnia. Dave Robinson, who coor- dinates Pax Christi's work with conscientious objectors, said the organization's stance has not used just war criteria to debate the issue, saying nonviolent solutions are still ideal. Yet he harbors skepti- cism over Bosnian Serb inten- tions, particularly in regard to the announced plebiscite: "What are they going to do, drive down the streets of Sarajevo and hand out ballots from tanks?" Tougher U.N. sanctions against the remaining re- publics which make up Yu- goslavia were imposed April 26. Noninterventionists argue more time is needed for the sanctions to take hold in a bid to stop Serbian aggres- sion. In an editorial after the Gulf war, La Civilta Cattolica, a Jesuit newspaper which often reflects Vatican think- ing, said the destructive force of conventional and nuclear weapons made the just war Christianity must stress that "modern war is always im- moral." Yet Pope John Paul II, who implored Bush and Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein to avoid war up to the last minute, urged in a March let- ter to U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali that the U.N. use its "right of in- tervention" to save popula- tions from further fighting. Father J. Bryan Hehir, pas- tor of St. Paul Parish in Cam- bridge, Mass., and long an ethicist on public policy is- sues, said that while "it is demonstrably clear that there is just cause" to intervene in the Balkans due to the "mas- sive human rights violations" in the Serbs' "ethnic cleans- ing" of Muslims. But the level of that inter- vention, and who could inter- vene, is open to question. The European Community, NATO and the U.N. could all be con- sidered "legitimate authori- But while p forces and air strikes debated, "air strikes mented by ground entirely different, Hehir said. Ground imply not pe "peacemaking," fives could include ground," he added. An "exit strateg: posed by Christo way to keep the from losing face bring peace to the may have value, said. But, he noted, there a compelling by some, including Secretary of niew Brzezinski, would be we've learned these: from the Hol "never again,' and the "following vent its recurrence. : Bishop's The following activities and events are 1: schedule of Bishop Gerald A. Gettelfinger