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April 19, 1996     The Message
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April 19, 1996

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m  r:rv-- - ......... " road to Emmaus: Jesus' first Lucan appearance appeared first to Peter, then to the gospel. In his Acts of 2,post!s, Luke specifically Third Sunday of e A: Luke 24:13-35 of our four Paul have i fprtraying the resurrection from has no post-resur- esus, only man at the would in Galilee. That women who body of Jesus. B(N FATHER DILGER COLUMNIST and one who what Mark has already written, ex- 'with greater detail and two men at They apparently speak in do on a stage. While the Marcan anyone out of fear, the Lucan disciples as they were sup- consider their report non- angels.) story are Luke's "two men" the WOmen are also commissioned but by an angel. details to the Marcan story. to tell and have a vision of Jesus en t appearance of Jesus is to In the Gospel of John COmes to the tomb alone and finds disciples. Two of them run to tomb empty. One has faith, the what to say. Then Jesus appears Paul gives a still different s 15. His version is that Jesus Twelve, then to five hundred disci- ples, next to James, then to all the apostles, a group Paul considers dif- ferent from the Twelve. It makes no sense to attempt to fit these all to- gether without contradiction.. The various authors and Chris- tian communities had different tra- ditions, all of them affirming the resurrection of Jesus but going at it different ways. Their intention is not to write history but to write the- ology. And so we find the first appear- ance of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke not to Mary Magdelene, not to faithful women, not to Peter, but to two disciples, one of whom was named Cleopas, very likely an uncle of Jesus by marriage. The other disciple is unnamed but could have been Mary, the sister of Jesus' mother. John 19:25 tells us this Mary had a husband named "Clopas," perhaps no more than a spelling variation of Cleopas. Exactly why these two are singled out by Luke we do not know. What we do know is that all the gospel authors selected certain traditions for their story of Jesus, traditions which would meet our purpose of teaching whatever they intended to teach their communities. So what does Luke teach by the story of Jesus' appearance to the two disciples en route to Emmaus. The answer is in the dialogue. Luke constructs the dialogue as a vehicle of revelation. First he notes the difference in the resurrected Jesus by portraying them as not knowing Jesus. Cleopas calls Jesus a prophet mighty in word and deed. Luke has empha- sized the prophetic role of Jesus throughout his identifies Jesus with "the prophet like Moses" of Deuteronomy 18:15-1S. Luke includes an early form of the creed, that Jesus "was delivered up, con- demned to death, crucified alive again, and the hoped for redemption of Israel." That Jesus was the object of and fulfills all of the Old Testament is an important point for Luke and all of early Christian- ity. He had already shown his interest in this matter by the reference to Jesus as prophet. Thus Luke por- trays Jesus as scolding the two disciples for their slowness to accept that the Messiah HAD TO fulfill all of the Old Testament. This is also Luke's answer to outsiders who objected that it was ridiculous to believe that God's chosen Messiah was executed, something one might think he could have avoided. , Not so, says Luke, it had to be. It was foretold in the Scriptures. The next point he makes is that the Scriptures, meaning for him the Old Testament, are to be understood through the teachings Jesus left his community. Thus Luke writes: "Beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself." Finally, Luke tells his readers that Jesus is still with them. How? In the Eucharist. This is why Luke stresses that the two disciples recognized him "in the breaking of the bread." They were prepared for this recognition by Jesus' explanation of the Scriptures: "Our hearts were burning within us while he talked to us on the road, while he opened to us the Scriptures," say the two disciples. May that same "heartburn" be ours as we study and hear the Scriptures and bring us to and keep us in the recognition of Jesus' true presence with us in the Eucharist. Readings: Acts 2:14, 22-33; I Peter 1:17-21. , INC. :lrts ante! Golden Jubilarians Robert and Betty Mathies will celebrate their fiftieth wed- ding anniversary with a Mass of Thanksgiving at 10:30 a.m. April 21 at St. John Church, Loogootee. A reception and Open House for friends and relatives will follow from 12".30 to 3.'30 p.m. at St. Martin's Hall in Whitfield. The cou- ple requests no gifts. They were married April 23, 1946, at St. Joseph Church, Jasper, by Father Clarence Nord. They are the parents of five children: Gary Mathies, GregMath, ies and Phyllis Schitter, all of Loogootee, Carol Leinen. bach of Ireland, and Donna:Ackerman of Charlotte, N.C. Mr. Mathie$ is a retired farmer, and was a livestock buyer  for 42 years. Golden Jubilarians William C. and Irmalee (Farris) McBride will celebrate their fiftieth wedding anniversary with a Mass of Thanks. giving at 2 p.m. April 27 at St. Boniface Church. A recep. tion will follow in St. Boniface cafeteria. The couple was married April 27, 1946, at St. Philip's rectory, St. Philip. They are the parents of three sons, David McBride and John McBride, both of Newburgh, and Rick McBride of Evdnmyllle, "and four daughters, Billie Jo Zirklebach, San- dra Titzer and Lori HenderSon, all of Evahsville, and "Jacqueiifie A:dcock of Poseyv01e They have 17 grandchil. dren, andone great-grandchild. Mr. McBride retired from Bucyrus Erie in 1982; Mrs. McBride is a homemaker. I COMPLETE INSURANCE SERVICE I L' A ( . :-, : -: ;: . 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