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April 2, 1993

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The Message Monthly -- for Catholics of Southwestern Indiana 11 Commentary -- The Garden of Gethsemane: Four perspectives commentary for Pas- April 4, 1993, Cycle 26:14-27:66. [turgy of the Sixth we read the narra- the suffering and death of to Matthew. Since the space to com- 0n the whole Passion narra- , we will take one aspect of it how each of the four treats that particular We begin with the Gospel oldest gospel. Luke based their version narrative on that of subtracted and added whatever they a vehicle to express their own theology The approach of the Gospel of John from the others. In all four asus is in the Garden of Gethsemane. examine his prayer to his Father. Jesus is flat on his face begging, to be delivered from death on the cross. are sleeping. Mark symbolizes eat of Jesus later when they all one young man. The arresting seize him. He slips out of the sheet was wrapped and runs away naked. terribly alone. He cries: "Abba," term for father, and there is no his father had abandoned him. be no help and no answer until The theme of Mark's version is the Ldonment of Jesus. version follows Mark rather can't quite see Jesus as totally By FATHER DONALD DILGER COLUMNIST abandoned: He has to make some changes to show that although the father didn't answer Jesus' prayer, he nevertheless had it under consideration. Thus when a disciple tries to defend him at his arrest: "Put your sword away. Don't you know that I can appeal to my Father and he will send more than twelve legions of an- gels?" It is Matthew's way of soft- ening the terrible abandonment of Jesus in Mark's version. If Jesus had really wanted to, he could have gotten help, Matthew says. Luke cannot tolerate at all the picture of Jesus abandoned and flat on his face on the ground. He has Jesus kneeling to pray. For Luke the disciples did not abandon Jesus, a point he makes by saying they fell asleep out of grief. Nor does the Father abandon Jesus. It is from Luke that we have the famous scene of the comforting angel in the Garden of Gethsemane. Jesus prays and the Father sends an angel to console him. Finally we come to the Gospel of John. Here, too, Jesus and his disciples are in the Gar- den of Gethsemane. There is no prayer for deliv- erance to the Father. There is no suffering, no agony, and therefore no abandonment as in Mark and Matthew, no consolation as in Luke. Jesus is totally in charge. John makes a point of this by describing Jesus' arrest As Judas and the soldiers approach, Jesus asks: "Whom do you seek?" They answer: "Jesus of Nazareth." When Jesus responds: "I AM," the arresting officers all fall to the ground. Jesus uttered the name of God, identi,ing himself as the "I AM." Now it is clear why there can be no prayer, no suffering. Whatever happens from now on will be with the command or the permission of Jesus. He orders the arresting officers to let the disciples go. The trial before Pilate becomes a trial of Pilate before King Jesus. Such is John's theology. What lesson can we learn from each of these four different approaches? The Marcan Jesus is totally abandoned. The Church for which Mark writes had undergone a searing persecution and must have felt abandoned even by God. Mark gives them hope. The abandonment is followed by a promise of the resurrection. We are asked to identify with a desperate Jesus when we feel abandoned. He tells us that like Jesus, we also must continue to pray, but help may not come in this life. The Matthean Jesus follows the Mar- can pattern. He too is abandoned but he wants to be. Matthew teaches by this approach that God really does hear, that sometimes it is better to pray not for deliverance but that God's plan take its course. Luke's story is one of consolation in prayer Even though we do not obtain what we ask, God hears and loves and consoles. For John Jesus is the divine being. He needs no prayer, no help, for he controls the whole scene. Through John we are invited to place ourselves into the hands of Jesus no matter what happens. He is in charge. Those who remain with him will be pro- tected. Words are not needed, just an abandon- ment of ourselves trusting jesus The circle is complete. We began with an abandoned Jesus and end with abandoning ourselves to Jesus. Readings for Passion Sunday: Isaiah 50:4-7; Philippians 2:6-11. ):Q " s: Excerpts for the weeks commentarms of:FafJier Donald: resuo;.bat them must-be,::Wimm weekly. Followingareex:; .... : : 'i : : i ' :: April 18: Second Sunday of Easter:. Cycle A, : PoUr i ' i : Locatlon.s y: Cycle A, Matthew John 20:19-31, John's:proof of the resurrection: of Jesus: Mark and Doubting Thomas, The whole Thomas episode intends to speak .... as he usually is otherwise to the issue of doubt among Christians. and joy Perhaps we can learn from this story that his :: it is not abnormal to doubt, Arts I Riverside ., But were ;mportantto Lu Euchst is "breaking bread, Y:  the gathering :( ...... Scriptures, then bread. We already  HIGHLAND CHAPEL 6300 FIRST AVE. Delivery Street Udy Stratman PAUL'S PHARMACY Paul Mayer, Owner 2107 W. Franklin St. 425-4364 Plaza Pharmacy Newburgh Plaza Shopping. Center Flint Predption Service Ken and Rebecca Ha6ker 853-7141 Oak Hill Pharmacy Prescription Specialists Hwy. 62 and N. Wnbach Ave. LARRY SCHULTHEIS, Prop. 425-4422 r mm mm wmm mm mm mm mm Im ml m m mm mm mm mm mm mm m m mm mm Im Im mm mm m a n m m I m m m I m m  m m I |  ' ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! : Judy Simon of Haubstadt is the winner of her choice -- overm lodging for two or an I I afternoon pool party for eight at the Radisson Inn, Evansville. Her name was drawn from the I ! 15 correct entries submitted in last month's Catholic Quiz. I I Simon correctly noted that there are three Pastoral Life Coordinators serving parishes in I I the Diocese of Evansville. that the first Diocesan Council was established Sept. 21, 1969, 1 I and that the phrase, ad/!mine, means "to the threshold." I : I If you know the answers to the following questions, you may win a dinner for two at the I Radisson Inn, Evansville. Entries should be received by April 21 at the Messase, P,O. Box : ! 4169, Evansville, IN 47724-0169. | ! ! I 1. Name the five parishes in the Newburgh Deanery: . '" , ,, | | ........ :  : ! ! I 2. When and where will Bernie Etienne be ordained a priest for the Diocese o : Evansville? I | , .............. I I I I I I 3. Seven aharacteristics are used to describeparish pastoral councils, in a proposed set I : of guidelines. What is the first characteristic listed? I ., | | ............. I I I I I Your Name .... I i iJ i ! ! ! ! ! | ! ! Address . . . ....... ! ! | | ! City/State/Zip ........ ............ ! : | | : |, I Telephone ...................... / 7 ........ .... I ' ' I : I I ! I .... m mmm m m mm am mm mm Im mm m Im m mm m mm mm Im ml mm  m m m   mm m   m m  i  m  t