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March 1, 1991     The Message
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March 1, 1991

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S SAGE CATHOLIC DIOCESE OF EVANSVILLE VOLUME 21 NUMBER 24 MARCH 1, 1991 Subscription drive continues 10 parishes are full circulation By PAUL LEINGANG Church, Vincennes; St. Martin Church, Message Editor Whitfield; St. Mary Church, Shoals; All Saints Church, Cannelburg, and St. Ten parishes in the diocese had mail- Mary Church, Daviess County. ed their full-circulation parish lists to Three parishes have nearly doubled the circulation office of the Message, as their circulation. They are St. Peter of Monday, Feb. 25. The ten, with a cir- Church, Montgomery, and the mission culation rate of 75 percent or better, are churches of St. Michael and St. Patrick among 31 parishes completing all or in Daviess County. Father Sylvester nearly all of their renewals for the year- Loehrlein and his volunteers made the ly subscription which begins with this effort to contact every home in all three issue, of the parishes, in order to encourage Full circulation parishes reporting to families to subscribe to the diocesan date are Pro-Cathedral of the Most Holy paper. Trinity and Sacred Heart Church, both Subscribers who have not yet renew- in Evansville; St. John Church, ed will continue to receive the Message Newburgh; Blessed Sacrament Church, for several weeks. Subscriptions will Oakland City; St. Thomas Church, not he discontinued without Knox County; St. Vincent de Paul notification. Church not becoming "functionally pacifist" By CATHOLIC NEWS SERVICE de Namur, said Pax Christi is "official- Catholic NewsService ]y, deliberately in our statutes not a pacifist organization" but tries to make WASHINGTON (CNS) -- The church, change through non-violent means. in its statements regarding the crisis in Father Christiansen and Sister Jegen the Persian Gulf and the resultant war, made their comments at a panel discus- is not becoming "functionally sion, "Peacemaking Perspectives: Ap- pacifist," two speakers at a centennial plying Catholic Social Teaching to symposium on Catholic social teaching War," at a four-day meeting com- said Feb. 25. memorating the 100th anniversary of Instead, said Jesuit Father Drew the papal encyclical "Rerum Christiansen of Santa Clara University, Novarum." "we're seeing an effective application" Titled "A Century of Social of just war principles used by the Teaching," the conference was spon church, sored by several U.S. bishops' offices , Sister Mary Evelyn Jegen of Pax and a number of Catholic associations Christi U.S.A., a Sister of Notre Dame affiliated with the bishops. Allied forces cannot 'fight evil with evil means' By JERRY FILTEAU Catholic News Service WASHINGTON (CNS) -- Whatever atrocities Iraq commits in the Persian Gulf War, the allied forces cannot "fight evil with evil means," Arch- bishop John R. Roach of St. Paul- Minneapolis said Feb. 25. "I do not envision any circumstances  that would justify the use of chemical, biological or nuclear weapons against Iraq, even in reprisal," he said. Speaking as chairman of the U.S. bishops' International Policy Commit- tee at a national meeting of Catholic social action leaders in Washington, Ar- chbishop Roach spelled out the policy stance of the U.S. bishops toward the Gulf war and the pursuit of a just peace that must follow. The Feb. 24-27 meeting, titled "A Century of Social Teachingi" marked the 100th anniversary of the first social encyclical, Pope Leo XIII's "Rerum Novarum," on work and workers' rights. Archbishop Roach, whose address on moral questions in a time of war was a late addition to the meeting agenda, said most of the nation's bishops "have withheld a definitive judgment" on the morality of the war because of the "specific judgments required and the limited information available" to make such a moral determination. "There will be those who will be disappointed by this reality," he said. Some want the bishops to "clearly condemn this war as unjust" while others want them to "embrace it ... (as) a clear example of the use of American military power to resist evil," he said. He said the bishops' role is to "share our moral judgments and raise serious questions with both conviction and modesty" without giving "absolute" answers when that is not possible. "Each of us will have to search our own conscience ... on te moral dimen- sions of this war," he said. "We (bishops) offer not easy answers, but hard questions; not certainty, but substantial doubts," he said. In his lengthy address, the first major policy statement from the bishops' con- ference since Jan. 17 when the war broke out, Archbishop Roach discuss- ed: -- Moral issues raised by the bishops about whether the war was begun as a "last resort." -- Moral concerns they continue to have concerning the principles of non- combatant immunity, proportionality and right intention in the ongoing con- duct of the war. -- Pastoral concerns about those af- fected by the war, especially U.S. military personnel and their families and the people of Iraq and Kuwait. -- Civility and mutual respect in the national debate about the war. -- Concern about U.S. military policy that does not permit exemption from combat for single parents or for one of two parents when both sbrve in the military. -- The requirements of building a just peace in the Middle East once the war is over. In response to questions after his talk, Archbishop Roach said that before the war he and other leaders of the bishops' conference had intervened strongly in urging "every possible avenue short of war." He said he thought the bishops had helped to bring the moral questions into the policy debate about the war and had influenced the government's decisions. He cited the frequent allusions by Presi- dent Bush and military leaders to moral principles behind their decisions. "You may quarrel with the judgment (the government reached), but I think we exercised an influence," he said. In looking at the conduct of the war, which just two days earlier had.entered the stage of full ground combat in Kuwait and Iraq, Archbishop Roach warned particularly about: -- Maintaining the right intention. "Allied objectives in this war should re- main focused on the liberation of Kuwait and we should avoid multiply- ing or escalating objectives that are not compatible with bringing about genuine peace and reconciliation in the region," he said. -- Avoiding hatred. "All of us, friend or foe, are brothers and sisters made in the image and likeness of God; American or Iraqi, we share a basic human dignity," he said. -- Avoiding civilian casualties. Amid reports "that Iraq is attempting to mingle military installations in civilian populations," he said, the allied forces must be "extraordinarily cautious whenever civilian life is at risk" and must carry out the war "in ways that seek to avoid disproportionate harm to Iraq's social, cultural and economic life."