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February 20, 1998     The Message
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, director of the dioce- pastor at St. Joseph teens during # Youth Day 36, held last Sunday at Vincennes University. For more information and photos, see page 2. -- Message photo by Mike Woolsey Young adult Catholics stress sacraments, helping poor By JERRYFILTEAU 1 ment of the Catholic faith, Catholic News Service please say so." ,en asked about "belief that WASHINGTON (CNS)- In God is present in the sacra- a national survey most U.S. ments," 65 percent called it Catholics 20 to 39 years old essential to the faith and 27 per- ranked belief in God's presence cent called it important but not in the sacraments, charity to the essential. Only 8 percent thought poor and belief in Christ's real it unimportant or not part of the presence in the Eucharist high faith or said they didn't know. among elements essential to the Charity to the poor was called Catholic faith, essential by 58 percent and Vast majorities, however, important by 35 percent. thought the church's teachings "Belief that Christ is really that only men can be priests and present in the Eucharist" was that workers have a right to called essential by 58 percent unionize were not essential to and important by 28 percent. the faith. On the role of devotion to Results of the surv' were Mary in the church, 53 percent released Feb. 13 by sociologist called it essential and 33 percent leaders caution Dean R. Hoge of The Catholic important. " ......... ..... team O'Jf researchers who corn, essential, 33 percent importan, ..... As its ty to air its own to bring Unit- permit Within Iraq )ections capable of mass chemical the Unit- d to resident Sad- Oes not open residential inspec- campaign in lraq id of Baghdad, leader Of Iraq's Some opponents of a military strike said diplomatic channels have not yet been exhausted. Others argued that an attack would do little more than kill Iraqis. Pope John Paul II expressed deep concern at the worsening Iraqi crisis, and the Vatican said Feb. 16 that Archbishop Renato R. Martino, the Vatican's U.N. nuncio, made an intervention with U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan Feb. 15 relating the pope's concerns. Archbishop Martino also expressed the pontiff's encour- agement that Annan travel to the Iraqi capital of Baghdad to help ward off any military action, the Vatican said. Both Latin-rite Patriarch Michel Sabbah, of Jerusalem and Patriarch Raphael I Bidaw- of Catholics on Ash Wednesday? States, from the age of 14 through- to abstain from meat on Ash Wednes- ljof Lent and on Good Friday). nited States, from the day after their 18th after their 59th birthday, are also oblig- y and Capod Friday. Fasting is as allowing one full meal a day, with two which do not together exceed the quan- meal. The drinking of ordinary liquids expected to do prayer, penance and alms- mac, published by Our Sunday. Vis- Id. Chaldean-rite Catholics, have appealed to the United States not to attack. All seven active U.S.-based cardinals joined with Bishop Anthony M. Pilla of Cleveland, president of the U.S. bishops' conference, in calling on Presi- dent Clinton to renew diplo- matic efforts and to avoid the use of military force. "We view with grave concern the stated position of the U.S. administration indicating a readiness on the part of the United States to use military force to compel compliance by Iraq," the prelates said in a Feb. 12 letter. "We support all peaceful efforts by the international community to have the Iraqi leadership comply with the U.N. resolutions that would result in the destruction of such weapons or guarantees that they would not be used in the future," said the letter. The use of military force against Iraq "could be exceed- ingly difficult if not impossi- ble to justify" and would "seri- ously jeopardize" chances of securing lasting peace in the region. Canada's bishops also restat- ed their opposition to their own nation's pledge to support U.S. military operations against Iraq. In a letter to Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien, Bishop See IRAQ page 116 missioned it as part of a larger study of post-baby-boom adult Catholics. Notre Dame de Namur Sister Mary Johnson, a sociologist at Emmanuel College in Boston and another member of the research team, said the survey was part of an effort to learn what young adult Catholics understand to be their Catholic identity. That generation was "the first to be socialized in post-Vatican (Codncil) II religious educa - tion," she said, so it is important for church leaders to know how they think and feel. The survey data came from the responses of 701 Americans who identified themselves as Catholic and in the 204o-39 age range during a series of nation- al random sample telephone surveys conducted last fall by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Respondents were given 19 statements about church teach- ing or practice. They were asked to categorize each as "essential to faith, .important but not essential, or not important to the faith today." On each statement the questioner added, "If you are unaware that this is an ele- to believe "that God is present in a special way in the poor." Despite more than a century of church teaching that the right of workers to form unions is a basic human right, only 14 per- cent of respondents said that was essential to the faith. 3drty-three percent called the teaching on workers' rights to unionize important to the faith, 30 percent called it not impor- tant to the faith and 18 percent said they were unaware it was part of the faith. Only 17 percent of the survey respondents thought the "belief that only men can be priests" was essential to the faith, and 25 percent called it important but not essential. Despite the Vatican's wide- ly publicized 1995 statement calling the teaching of a male- only priesthood infallible and pertaining to the deposit of faith, that was the only one of the 19 elements on the list that a majority of respondents called not important or not part of the faith. Seven percent said they were not aware it was part of the faith and 47 percent said it was not impor- tant to the faith. See SACRAMENTS page 3 iJ ,i Logan Brinkman. ..................... Page 3 Honors at Precious Blood .............. Page 7 Big Garden .......................... Page 11 , 1 i ,,i ......