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Evansville, Indiana
February 8, 1991     The Message
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February 8, 1991

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Them S CATHOLIC DIOCESE OF EVANSVILLE VOLUME 21 NUMBER 21 E FEBRUARY 8, 1991 Bishop asks for fast during time of Lent By PAUL LEINGANG Message Editor Bishop Gerald A. Gettelfinger has asked the people of the Diocese of Evansville to consider a Lenten fast for , peace. The request was made in the Bishop's Forum, his weekly column in the Message. "I invite all who are able to join me in a daily fast during Lent asking God to grant us the ability to make peace," wrote the bishop. He suggested some people may want to modify the tradi- tional fast by simply not eating between meals. The daily fast which the bishop sug- gests is more than the minimum Lenten requirements for Catholics in the United States, but in keeping with traditional Lenten practices. According to Father William Deering, diocesan director of worship, "the cur- ., rent norms for fast and abstinence are small." In a letter to all pastors and pastoral administrators, Father Deering reiterated what is required: fast and abstinence on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday, and abstinence from meat on all Fridays of Lent. In addition to what is set out by law, * "each person is further called upon to make a prayerful decision about other practices of penance for themselves," Wrote Father Deering. Lent begins with Ash Wednesday, Feb. 13., and continues up to -- but not including -- the Mass of the Lord's Supper on Holy Thursday, March 28, according to Father Deering. His letter described customs, practices and pro- Cedures for Lent and the Easter Triduum. Father Deering said that in the first centuries of our church there was a fast of a few days to prepare for the Easter celebration. This was especially for the Catechumens as their final preparation to receive the sacraments of initiation, he said. The time of Lent was later lengthened to six days and then to 40 days symbolic of the fast of Jesus depicted in the Gospels of Mathew and Luke, according to Father Deering. He said that in the fifth or sixth century, the four days prior to the First Sunday of Lent were added as "sort of a grand prelude within the season before the 40-days begin." Lent has two themes, baptismal preparation and repentance, said Father Deering. The unbaptized are called to prepare for baptism at the Easter Vigil. The baptized are called to conversion and repentence as they prepare to renew their baptismal commitment at the Easter celebration. For catechumens in the Diocese of Evansville, the Rite of Election will be celebrated at St. John Church in Loogootee at 2 p.m. EST, and at St. Benedict Church in Evansville at 5 p.m. CST, on the First Sunday of Lent, Feb. 17. The evening Mass of the Lord's Sup- per marks the end of Lent and the begin- ning of the Easter Triduum, which Father Deering described as "a single liturgical action." "During the Triduum no other Masses or communion services are to be celebated for any reason," wrote Father Deering. "Nor is the sacrament of pen- ance to be celebrated either on Good Friday or Holy Saturday." Holy Thursday is the vigil of the pas- sion, said Father Deering. It also celebrates the institution of the Holy Eucharist and the ministerial priesthood. Good Friday "is not the Lord's funeral," but a celebration of the vic- torius cross, according to Father Deering. The Holy Saturday Easter Vigil is to be celebrated entirely in the dark of night, said the letter. It is the liturgy in which all of the sacraments of initiation -- baptism, confirmation and eucharist -- are to be celebrated. It is the liturgy designated for receiving adults into the Church. Prayer Day, more debate as Persian Gulf war continues WASHINGTON (CNS) -- President Bush made Feb. 3 a national day of Prayer for peace and Pope John Paul II vU.rged an end to the "unheard-of r,llence and useless massacres" as the "x rersian Gulf war continued in its third Veek. In churches across the country people ra.Yed especially for the U.S. soldiers ad their families. At the same time debates about the y ar's morality continued, especially in eStern Europe. , A SUrvey of Italian priests published .a. 31 by the Italian Catholic magazine yam. . . gha Cnstmna showed that only 6 ercent considered the war "just and C.essary.,, Twenty-three percent call- ,a It 'just but avoidable" and 18 per- ,.Kent said it was "unjust but iavoidable riests surveyed call- Nearly half the p Iv the war unacceptable, and nearly O'thirds urged "a truce to reopen the .>. e?tiations" as the best way to end the The massive U.S. bombing of Iraq led Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, the Vatican's top doctrinal official, to say there are "profound doubts" whether the moral principle of proportionality was being met by allied forces in the Gulf. "No one questions the fact that serious injustices are caused by a tyrant," he said in a nationally broad- cast interview on Italian radio Jan. 25. But if the evils brought on by a military response "are more serious than the injustice one seeks to eliminate," he said, then "one must at least reflect on whether proportionality is still possible." Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, said peace was lost in the Persian Gulf long before the war itself began because "the excess of armaments makes a country drunk with ambition and, sooner or later, it rushes toward war." See PRAYER page 9 5 parishes now offer Message subscriptions to all parishioners By PAUL LEINGANG Message Editor All parishioners of the Pro-Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity will be receiv- ing the Message during the 1991-92 cir- culation year, as a result of a decision announced by Msgr.-Michael Wolf, mstor of the parish in downtown Evansville. All registered Catholics in the parish ,re being added to the subscription list, said Msgr. Wolf. The decision raises the number to five parishes which have to date indicated full support for the diocesan aewspaper. Another half dozen See FIVE page 10 .... , : :'i ?:?.:: " i ;'i:iii!i! :/:: : :: ': " i': ':::::::: .... ......... ::! : : :::: :": ' :" " :Coming nextWeek Serra Club " i:: " essay00nners:::::: :: : --Featured Catechist -- Letters to the editor [ I I II I I I I I II I